Carolus Linnaeus invented a classification system for living things. His naming system was called binomial nomenclature. This naming system gives each organism two names: a genus name and a species name.Continue Reading
Before Linnaeus, scientists put organisms into different categories based on their observable characteristics. Those classification systems did not account for similarities between species or show relationships between organisms. Linnaeus placed species into successively higher and more inclusive groups such as orders, classes and kingdoms.
With binomial nomenclature, each organism became known by two Latin or Latin-derived names. The first name is capitalized and referred to an organism's genus. The second part of the name, which is not capitalized, is the species name, which means nothing by itself; with the genus name in front, the two words become an organism's unique designation.Learn more about Inventions
Genus and species are part of the biological classification system for living things. A genus encompasses a group of species that are closely related. Species is the most specific level of scientific classification, which typically groups animals that are so similar that, when they breed, they produce fertile offspring.Full Answer >
Among many things, Luis Alvarez invented a detonating device for the atomic bomb. The acclaimed physicist also co-discovered the East/West effect of cosmic rays, which is what led him to study nuclear physics in depth. During World War II, he created three radar systems including a high-altitude bombing system, a blind landing system and an early warning system.Full Answer >
Contrary to their popular portrayal as a roaming barbarian horde, the Mongol people invented and innovated many things, from advanced military tactics to an early type of postal service. They also innovated many types of bow and arrow.Full Answer >
Woodblock color printing, document production techniques, encyclopedias, toothbrushes, the magnetic compass and ship rudders are some of the things invented during the Ming Dynasty. The Great Wall of China was also reinforced to provide a stronger barrier against enemies during this time.Full Answer >