Some of the first boats were likely invented and used by the Egyptians and Mesopotamians as far back as 3000 BC. These ancient civilizations used anything from small boats that were crafted from wood, bark and animal hides, to large sea-going vessels constructed mainly from cedar planks.
Boats used by the Ancient Egyptians had large sails that took advantage of the predictable wind that always blew north to south on the Nile river. Ores were used to row the boats from south to north on return trips when exporting valuable cedar wood from Lebanon. The large vessels used for trade and capable of sea travel were called 'Byblos.' One of these examples was found buried next to a pyramid at Giza, dating back to 2500 BC.