Theodore Roosevelt, nicknamed Teddy, was the 26th president of the United States. He served as president from 1901 until 1909. He also served as governor of New York in 1891 and served as vice president to William McKinley.
Although he began a career in New York state politics as a member of the Republican Party, Roosevelt suffered tragedy when his mother and wife both died on the same day, Feb. 14, 1864. He left New York for the Dakota Territory and lived as a rancher for two years before returning. In 1868, Roosevelt married his second wife Edith Kermit Carow in 1886. He had known her as a child, and the two of them watched the funeral procession of Abraham Lincoln.
Late in the 19th century, Roosevelt felt compelled to join the war effort during the Spanish-American War. He led a volunteer calvary, which was known as the Rough Riders. During the Battle of San Juan Heights, Roosevelt led a charge up San Juan Hill helping lead the Americans to victory.
Roosevelt's politic career resumed when he returned from the war. He became the youngest president in history at the age of 42, due to the assassination of William McKinley. Ironically, Roosevelt was named vice president in an attempt to keep him in a then traditionally unimportant position.
Following his service as president, Roosevelt attempted to run again as third-party candidate for the Bull Moose Party in 1912. He lost the election to Democrat Woodrow Wilson.