Sir Francis Bacon, despite being schooled at home in an impoverished family after the death of his father, went on to study at Trinity College in Cambridge at the age of 12, and was killed by pneumonia at 65 after attempting to discover how long a chicken would remain preserved if stuffed with snow. Sir Francis Bacon is often attributed as the father of modern science.
Primarily a philosopher, Bacon vastly altered how humanity approached the classification and understanding of knowledge through the creation of empiricism. Empiricism was founded on the principles of obtaining knowledge through the senses, which led on to the formation of basic experiments. At the time, this had a huge impact on the development of scientific enquiry and thought. His methods were often referred to as the "Baconian method."
The progress and philosophy behind the industrial age is also accredited to Bacon, who believed that science should serve the good of all, being used primarily to reduce suffering and misery wherever possible.
He also wrote many meditations on law and morality, often calling for reformations. He was later appointed to the position of Lord Chancellor in 1618, but was forced to resign over allegations of bribery. This led him to continue his philosophical and scientific work up until his death.