In 1955, Rosa Parks, a famous civil rights activist, refused to give up her seat at the front of the bus, a section commonly reserved for white passengers. Her actions led to a city-wide boycott of the bus system in Montgomery, Alabama.Continue Reading
Over the course of her lifetime, Rosa Parks worked to help end segregation. Fired from their jobs after the bus incident, she and her husband moved north to Detroit, Michigan, where she began working as a secretary at the office of Congressman John Conyer.
She was active in social issues, serving on the board of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America and starting her own foundation, the Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development. An accomplished author, Parks wrote an autobiography chronicling her struggles entitled, "Rosa Parks: My Story," and a memoir, "Quiet Strength."
Before her death she received a number of major awards including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Congressional Medal of Honor, the Martin Luther King Jr. Award and the Spingarn Medal, the highest award given out by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the NAACP.
Following her death in 2005, the chapel where she was interred was renamed the Rosa L. Parks Freedom Chapel.Learn more about US History