Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 in Shadwell, Virginia. He is famous for authoring the Declaration of Independence and for being the third President of the United States. He is also the founder of the University of Virginia.
When Jefferson was 26 years old, he married Martha Wayles Skelton. Martha died 10 years later, and he never remarried. Jefferson inherited slaves from his father and father-in-law, but freed several of them and did not pursue the ones who escaped. In 1790, he became Secretary of State under George Washington before being elected president in 1800. His presidency is notable for the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and his support of the Lewis and Clark expedition. After serving a second term, Jefferson died on July 4, 1826, on the 50th anniversary of the adoption of his Declaration of Independence.