The Mohican Indian tribe, originally named the Muh-he-con-neok or the People of the Waters That are Never Still, settled next to rivers. Sometimes known as the River Indians, the Mohicans' location next to waterways allowed them easy access to food, water and transportation.
The Mohican tribe developed two types of housing structures: one smaller called a wigwam and a large rectangular home known as a longhouse. The wigwams were constructed using bent saplings that were covered in animal hides or bark, and were round. Longhouses, on the other hand, were rectangular in shape and much larger. Some longhouses were as long as 100 feet in length. These large homes housed several families in one structure, each having their own section.
As the tribe settled in what is now the Eastern United States, they made use of their woodland home to survive. Mohican Indians hunted the plentiful black bear, deer, moose, and other animals that shared their forest home, as well as the fish overflowing in nearby rivers. The plants of the area included wild berries and nuts that were harvested by the Mohicans and planted in gardens.
The roles of the Mohican people were similar to other Native American tribes. The women generally oversaw the daily care of the home and raised the children. Mohican women also tended to the gardens. Mohican men were more likely to serve as hunters and warriors.