What Are Some Interesting Facts About the Mohawk Indian Tribe?

The Mohawk Native American tribe, also known as the Keepers of the Eastern Door, is a branch of the Iroquois Nation, and their former home includes New York near the Mohawk River to parts of Vermont. As of 2015, remaining members of the tribe live mainly in Canada.

The Mohawks may derive their name from the term the Algonkian people referred to them by, though the Mohawks themselves called their people Kanienkehaka, or "People of the Flint." The Mohawks were both hunters and tough warriors. They hunted deer, rabbits and bear both for food and for their skins, and grew corn, beans and other vegetables in the gardens of their villages. Bows and arrows were among the tribe's hunting tools, and Mohawk fishermen would catch fish with spears and fishing poles. Although the Mohawk's enemies sometimes referred to the tribe as the "Man Eaters," Mohawks debate whether or not cannibalism was really part of their past way of life.

Tribal councils were a system of governing the tribes, with clan mothers having significant influence. Decisions of the Iroquois Great Council were also binding on the Mohawks, and the latter would send nine chiefs to participate in the Iroquois Great Council.