Black history in the United States includes leaders in the fields of politics, civil rights, entertainment and sports. The month of February has been Black History month since 1976, coinciding with the birth month of abolitionist leader Fredrick Douglas.
In 1908 the NAACP started and it became the most important civil rights organization in the country. Civil rights leaders such as Rosa Parks, Jesse Jackson and Martin Luther King, Jr., helped give the NAACP an influential voice.
The first African-American justice on the Supreme Court was Thurgood Marshall. President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Marshall in 1967. Marshall served on the court for 24 years.
In 1940, Hattie McDaniel won the Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for her role as Mammy in Gone With the Wind. Ironically she portrayed a slave governess.
The first African-American baseball player to play in Major League Baseball with white players was Jackie Robinson. He signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947, and he won Rookie of the Year that same season.
In 2008, Barack Hussein Obama became the first African-American president of the United States. He previously served as the junior senator from Illinois as a member of the Democratic Party.