What Institution in Congress Was Created by the Great Compromise?


According to the Bill of Rights Institute, America's Great Compromise was responsible for creating a dual system of congressional representation. Each state has two senators while representation in the House of Representatives is based on state population.

The United States Senate website indicates that the Great Compromise was needed because delegates to the 1787 Constitutional Convention were unable to agree on how representation was to be divided. Highly populated states believed they were entitled to have more representatives, but smaller states did not want to be given a less significant voice.The agreement is also known as the "Connecticut Compromise" because Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of that state offered the proposal, which was passed by a one-vote margin.