What Indian Tribes Did Lewis and Clark Encounter?

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark encountered, or heard about, more than 100 Native American tribes including the Teton Sioux, Yankton Sioux, Crow, Osage and Walla Walla tribes. Their journey during the early 19th century took them through many Indian territories in what is now the western United States.

Among Plains Indians, Lewis and Clark encountered the Blackfeet, Omaha, Missouri and Kaw tribes and others. These were Native Americans with a nomadic lifestyle, following buffalo herds.

In the Great Basin, the explorers met the Shoshone and Bannock Indians, who mostly foraged and dug for foods such as nuts and berries.

Along the Columbia River Basin, the travelers met Plateau Indians, such as the Palouse and Flathead, who were master fishermen.

The northwestern coastal Native Americans were excellent woodworkers, and Lewis and Clark encountered totem poles for the first time among the TiIlamook and Clatsop.