What Indian Tribe Is in Oklahoma?


Quick Answer

According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, there are 38 federal and state recognized Indian tribes in Oklahoma as of April 2014. Indian tribes in Oklahoma include the Cherokee Nation, Shawnee, and Osage tribes.

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Full Answer

Oklahoma is rich in Indian tribal history. Even the state's name, Oklahoma, is a Choctaw Indian word meaning "red people." Tribes who were indigenous to Oklahoma when the first Europeans arrived there in 1830 include the Witchitas, Apaches and Quawpaws. The Indian Removal Act of 1830, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, caused many Indians to migrate to Oklahoma, including Indians who fled Texas after being threatened with genocide in 1859.

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