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What are some important events that occurred during the Civil Rights movement?

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Quick Answer

Important events in the history of the Civil Rights movement for African Americans include the adoption of the 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution and the first and second Civil Rights Acts. The adoption of the 19th Amendment advanced the Civil Rights movement for American women.

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Full Answer

The 14th Amendment received adoption in 1868, and this amendment gave African Americans full U.S. citizenship status, even if racist laws continued in existence. It also prevented states from denying the rights and privileges of all citizens. The 15th Amendment of 1870 guaranteed African Americans the right to vote, even though regional laws impeded on this right.

Congress's first Civil Rights Act of 1875 gave African Americans more power in juries, transportation, restaurant/inns and theaters, though the Supreme Court later knocked down this law. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 once again reinstated a ban on discrimination, including in such environments as schools, the voting booth and hotels. The amendment had to pass a Senate filibuster before it became the law. The Voting Rights Act of the following year extended voting rights of African Americans.

In 1920, the 19th Amendment received the necessary ratification from 36 states to become law. This amendment recognized the right of women to vote in elections.

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