Some important African Americans from U.S. history include Booker T. Washington, Fredrick Douglass and Martin Luther King, Jr. Each man fought for civil rights and other African-American causes at various stages in American history.
The former slave and abolitionist, Fredrick Douglass worked to end slavery and pushed Abraham Lincoln to emancipate the slaves during the Civil War. He also fought to have black soldiers enlisted into the Union Army.
Booker T. Washington, although born a slave, became the most influential African American during the late 19th century and early 20th century. He worked in the educational field to form the Tuskegee Institute and accepted segregationist policies in exchange for African-American economic advancement.
Martin Luther King, Jr., was the most famous civil rights leader during the 1960s. Before his assassination in 1968, he led the boycott of the Montgomery Bus Boycott and spoke at the March on Washington.