The Boston Massacre was an important event in the years leading up to the American Revolution. Before the event, tensions were rising between colonists and British authorities due to increased taxes and British attempts to gain more control of colonial citizens. This tension led to a crowd of around 50 colonists building up in front of the Boston Customs House on March 5, 1770.
The crowd began jeering and throwing snowballs, sticks and stones at the soldiers guarding the Customs House. After a snowball hit one of the soldiers, the soldiers opened fire on the citizens. Three people were killed immediately during the attack. Eight more were injured in the riot, two of whom died from their injuries.
The men who died during the attack were Crispus Attucks, Samuel Gray and James Caldwell. The men who died from their injuries were Samuel Maverick and Patrick Carr. Attucks, an African-American who worked as a sailor, was the first man killed during the conflict. He later became hailed as the first hero of the American Revolution, notes the Library of Congress.Learn more about US History