The Hopi Indians are the descendants of the early Pueblos and Navajo groups who inhabited areas of the Southwest, including Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma and Colorado. They built large, apartment-house-like complexes into the stone cliffs of the mesa.
The Hopi take their name from their word for “Peaceful People” and strive to be polite and at peace with their surroundings. The Hopi language also uses the term “Hopi” to describe their religious or spiritual morality, characterized by a fundamental concept of attaining reverence and respect for all things and living harmoniously with one’s surroundings as directed by their chief deity, Maasaw, the Caretaker of the Earth. The Hopi have a belief that their land and its resources are sacred and that they are bound by covenant with Maasaw to its care and to live as peaceful and humble farmers.
The Hopi population is roughly 18,300, according to the 2010 Census. Most Hopi live on a reservation in northeastern Arizona which is approximately 2,730 square miles. A constitution adopted in 1936 established a tribal council as its governing body, an executive branch consisting of a tribal chairman and vice-chairman, and a judiciary. Hopi families are grouped into matrilineal clans that trace their lineage through the female's side.