The Kickapoo Nation's tribal flag has no known year of origin or documented history. The Kickapoo Nation of Oklahoma is the only tribal flag of significance and contains symbols representing the Kickapoo Nation. The black-and-white seal portrays a tribal meeting house circumscribed by an oval shield . The shield is pierced by a Kickapoo arrow; three feathers hang down from the shield that recall the subgroups of the Kickapoo people. The color of the flag is cream or "buff."Continue Reading
The Kickapoo Nation originated in the central Great Lakes region. This Native American tribe was originally semi-nomadic. They lived part of the year in sedentary villages to perform religious ceremonies and practice horticulture. Periodically, they relocated to the prairies to hunt and gather food.
Increasing white invasion and violence through the 18th and 19th centuries led the tribe through a series of divisions and relocations, eventually dividing the tribe into three primary subgroups living in Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas.
The illustrations on the Kickapoo tribal seal likely correspond with the history of the nation. It is known that the three feathers symbolize the three modern-day subgroups of the Kickapoo tribe, probably the three now living in Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas. The Kickapoo Indians were involved in warfare, hunted with arrows and built lodges during longer stays. The meeting house, shield and arrow could represent these facets of Kickapoo life.Learn more about US History