What Is the History of the Muscogee Creek Indians?

What Is the History of the Muscogee Creek Indians?

Muscogee Indians, also known as Creek, lived in what is now the Southeastern United States, in areas that now make up the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. In the 1830s, the U.S. government forced the Muscogee Nation to relocate to Indian Territory, which is present-day Oklahoma.

The Muscogee Nation was a confederacy of several tribes. When European countries began to colonize North America, some tribe members married Europeans and adopted European customs.

Following their removal from the Southeastern United States, the Muscogee settled near the Arkansas and Verdigris Rivers and farmed the land. During the Civil War three battles took place near Muscogee land in Indian Territory, and there were tribe members who fought on both sides in the war.

In the late 1800s, the U.S. Congress attempted to dissolve the Muscogee Nation, and in 1907 the Muscogee lost two million acres of land to the U.S. government and non-Native Americans. The federal government did not succeed in this attempt to dissolve the Muscogee Nation. In the 1970s the tribe re-organized and adopted a new constitution. The U.S. Supreme Court also affirmed the tribe's sovereignty.

Many members of the Muscogee Nation still live in Oklahoma, where the tribe operates casinos, truck stops and other businesses.