The first African-American woman to hold a patent was Sarah E. Goode, for the folding cabinet bed, in 1885. African-American doctor Patricia Bath invented the Laserphaco Probe, which uses lasers to remove cataracts. In 2006, Janet Emerson Bashen became the first African-American woman to patent a software invention.
Inventor and entrepreneur Sarah E. Goode was born into slavery in 1850 and went on to own a furniture store with her husband. Dr. Patricia Bath completed her residency at New York University, the first African-American to do so. She holds four patents for inventions related to the Laserphaco Probe. Janet Emerson Bashen's historic patented software invention is LinkLine, which manages Equal Employment Opportunity claims.