On December 29, 1890, a group of 146 Sioux Indians were killed by soldiers of the U.S. Army's 7th Cavalry Regiment at Wounded Knee, South Dakota.The incident escalated into a massacre when the 7th Cavalry, who were led by Colonel James Forsyth, encircled a group of Ghost Dancers who were led by Sioux Chief Big Foot, and commanded the Indians to give up their weapons.
When asked to do so, the Indians gave up their guns, but not without worry because of the fact that they did not trust the army. As the weapons were surrendered, a fight broke out between a soldier and a Indian. As as result of the fight, an unknown person fired a shot which caused a savage melee to begin. The Indians, who were mostly limited to melee weapons, were cut down by the 7th Cavalry's overwhelming firepower. Out of 146 Indian casualties, 18 were children, and 44 were women.