The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, which is also referred to as the Congress of Berlin, initiated the European rule of Africa. This rule lasted for approximately 15 years.
From the time when the Portuguese first explored the Congo River basin, the area had been under dispute. This is because this part of the river provided access to ships and facilitated free trade between countries.
Through the Congress of Berlin, it allowed anyone to sail the Congo and Niger Rivers. It also addressed the claims the Portuguese made in Angola and Mozambique. In addition, the claims that the French made along the Congo River were also identified. As a result of this meeting, European countries were no longer able to claim stake to an African country unless they occupied it with troops or buildings.