On November 9 to November 10, 1938, the Jewish people in Nazi Germany were subjected to a night filled with violence and death in an incident known as "Kristallnacht." The Nazis burned down synagogues, while Jewish homes, hospitals and schools were vandalized and looted. Close to a hundred Jews were killed in the apparently unplanned attack.
Kristallnacht or the "Night of Broken Glass" took its name from the shattered glass window panes that filled Germany's streets in the aftermath of the destruction. The incident was said to have been triggered by the assassination of a German official by a Jewish teenager. It was later proven that Kristallnacht was carefully orchestrated by the propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels and other Nazi officers.