The greatest accomplishment of Hammurabi was the Hammurabi Code of Laws. Hammurabi was the most celebrated among all Mesopotamian kings.
Hammurabi was the sixth in line to the throne of Babylon's first dynasty, the Amorite. He was popularly known among his people as "bani matim" or the "builder of land." He established the Code of Hammurabi to unify the lands he conquered.
Hammurabi's Code was a set of almost 300 laws engraved into a high black diorite pillar. The laws provided distinctions regarding the punishments for the wealthy, the commoners and the slaves. Often, commoners received lighter penalties compared to members of the nobility.