Haiti proclaimed its independence on Jan. 1, 1803, when Jean-Jacques Dessalines and his revolutionary forces defeated the French colonial forces. Dessalines renamed the island, then known as Saint-Domingue, Haiti. Haiti became the second independent nation in the Americas after the United States.Continue Reading
In 1802, Napoleon Bonaparte sent military from France to quell the rebellion; however, with the help of the British, rebel forces defeated the French.
The seeds of the revolution began in 1791, when Dessalines, Toussaint-Louverture and Henri Christophe engaged in guerilla warfare against the island residents. They went to war to end slavery on the island and made a short-lived peace with France in 1795 following the end of slavery by the French.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism