What Are Some Facts About the Gupta Empire?

The Gupta Empire was present in India from approximately 185 B.C. to 550 B.C. and was an empire that thrived on creative pursuits from literature to scholars and artwork. The Gupta Empire achieved the most success while under Samudragupta's reign.

Samudragupta was able to take the Gupta region and expand it considerably. The Gupta villages also enjoyed a great deal of security in the form of local squads. These local squads consisted of, "one elephant, one chariot, three-armed cavalrymen and five foot soldiers."

The Gupta Empire is most remembered, however, for its people's artistic pursuits. The leader Samudragupta was not only interested in battle, but was also interested in the creative arts. He commissioned inscribed pillars and was a patron for many of the artists living in the Empire. His son, Chandragupta II, would also patronize the arts when he rose to power. The people were devoted to learning everything from literature to science and medicine, meditative writing and lyric poetry.

The Gupta Empire was also religiously tolerant and allowed its people to practice their own faiths. The rulers of the Empire all practiced Hindu but Buddhism was also welcomed. The Gupta Empire was eventually destroyed due to the Huns who attacked the region with veracity in 480 A.D. leading to the collapse of the empire in 550 A.D.