Greece is famous for many different reasons, including its historical sites, being the birthplace of democracy, the Olympic Games and famous Greek philosophers, leaders, poets and scientists. Some of the most famous historical buildings are found at the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon, which was built between 447 B.C. and 438 B.C. is still in existence at this site.Continue Reading
Democracy also was established in Athens, Greece, about 500 B.C. Cleisthenes was the man that became Athens' leader and was responsible for introducing democracy. Another notable Greek leader was Pericles.
Ancient Greece also produced famous philosophers, scientist and poets, such as Socrates, Plato, Archimedes, Euclid, Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Aesop and Homer. Similarly, the first Olympic Games date back to 776 B.C., and they were held in Olympia. The archaeological site of Olympia is on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.Learn more about Ancient Greece
Located at the southeastern portion of Europe, Ancient Greece, which is in the same place as modern-day Greece, was and is the most southern country of the Balkan Peninsula. Ancient Greece dated back to the 8th century B.C. as evidenced by writings from that period.Full Answer >
The mountainous physical geography of Greece helped create several city-states which led to the formation of Athenian democracy, as opposed to a monarchy that ruled over the entire country. Isolated valleys, numerous islands and the Mediterranean Sea influenced the Greeks' choices regarding the settlement of the land.Full Answer >
The culture of ancient Greece produced many accomplishments, such as art that remains among the world's finest, the first valid approaches to science, the first works of literature that remain in the canon of classics and significant contributions to mathematics. Later societies relied on Greek discoveries in mathematics and science all the way up until the Renaissance and even until the Industrial Revolution in many instances.Full Answer >
The Battle of Thermopylae took place in Thermopylae, Greece in 480 BCE. It was fought between the Persian empire of Xerxes and an alliance of ancient Greek city-states, led by the Spartan King Leonidas. The Persians won the battle and, as a result, gained control of Boeotia.Full Answer >