Homer wrote "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey." These epic poems of heroes and gods shaped much of how both Greeks and later western culture viewed themselves and their world.
According to Biography, little is known about who Homer was, or if he even existed at all. Some scholars speculate that "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey" were written by a group of men rather than an individual man. This is because these two epic poems were written before there was a calendar. Scholars guess that Homer was born sometime between 1200 B.C. to 750 B.C.
Werner Jaeger, author of “ in Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture” expresses the importance of Homer's contributions by stating, "Plato tells us that in his time many believed that Homer was the educator of all Greece.." According to Western Culture Global, Homer's philosophy had an enormous impact in the Greek and Western world view. Even though the gods appear throughout both epic poems, Homer is considered a secular poet. In fact, his portrayal of the gods is not always kind. He is much more focused on the here and now rather than with heavenly concerns. Homer is credited with being the impetus behind most of the great Greek thinkers in the arts and sciences that followed.