Some of the great women of recent history include Margaret Thatcher and Mother Teresa of Calcutta. Margaret Thatcher rose from a working class family to become the first female Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1979 at a time when the country was experiencing economic turmoil and social unrest.
Thatcher steered her nation from economic despair to prosperity and through the height of the Cold War during the 1980s, often taking positions she knew would be unpopular but best for the country. She remained in office until 1990, and died in 2013.
Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, or Mother Teresa of Calcutta, devoted her entire adult life to working with the poor and the sick in the most poverty stricken areas of India. She founded the Missionaries of Charity, which established hospices and homes for people with HIV and AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, at a time when these people had no hope or possible source of care. She also worked to establish soup kitchens, medical clinics, orphanages and schools for the poor. Awarded the Nobel Prize 1979, she died in 1997.