The ancient Greek city of Megara had a tyrannical government. Megara began its existence as a protectorate of Corinth, which directly ruled the city as one of its territories. In the 7th century B.C., the city staged a successful revolt against Corinthian rule and became a tyranny under its king, Theagenes.Know More
Despite being a tyrant, Theagenes depended heavily on popular support. Early in his rise to power, Theagenes courted this support from the poor of Megara by slaughtering the cattle of the city's wealthiest citizens.
In time, Megara fell into the orbit of Sparta, though it remained independent with regard to its internal policies. Megara's secession from the Peloponnesian League was the proximate cause of the first Peloponnesian War, and Athens' attempt to break the city economically was the proximate cause of the second Peloponnesian War. These wars left Megara's government increasingly dependent on the oligarchy of Sparta for political, economic and military support.
In 338 B.C., the Macedonian army, commanded by the 18-year-old Alexander the Great, crushed the southern Greek forces and completed the conquest of Attica, including Megara. For the rest of its history, Megara was directly ruled by a remote government, first that of the Macedonians, then the Romans and, eventually, the Byzantines.Learn more about Ancient Greece
One of the main reasons that ancient Greece fell to Macedonia during the 4th century B.C. was the superior tactical planning employed against Greece by King Philip II of Macedon. In addition to reorganizing and strengthening the Macedonian military forces, King Philip II relied upon diplomatic strategies, bribery, trickery and the information provided by his intelligence service to gain a significant advantage over the Greek city-states. Philip II was also adept at playing his enemies against each other, and the military maxim "divide and conquer" has been credited to him.Full Answer >
The natural resources in ancient Greece include coal, marble, bauxite, clay, chromate and ore. Silver and gold were also available in some areas of the Greece.Full Answer >
The mountainous physical geography of Greece helped create several city-states which led to the formation of Athenian democracy, as opposed to a monarchy that ruled over the entire country. Isolated valleys, numerous islands and the Mediterranean Sea influenced the Greeks' choices regarding the settlement of the land.Full Answer >
Located at the southeastern portion of Europe, Ancient Greece, which is in the same place as modern-day Greece, was and is the most southern country of the Balkan Peninsula. Ancient Greece dated back to the 8th century B.C. as evidenced by writings from that period.Full Answer >