The French and Indian War was the North American segment of the Seven Years' War. The direct conflict in North America was between Great Britain and France.
War began between Britain and France in 1754 when Britain took French possessions in North America by force. The war was also centered on a struggle between Austria and Prussia. Britain, Prussia and Portugal were eventually allied against France, Spain, Austria, Russia and Sweden. The French strategy was generally to cede their colonies to the British, leaving only the existing forces in North America and their Native American allies to defend them, as they felt they would be too expensive to reinforce. Britain was ultimately victorious in this regional conflict in 1762, giving them control of eastern North America.