Lord Charles Cornwallis, a lieutenant general of the British Army during the American Revolution, helped secure a British victory at the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse early in the war. At the conclusion of the war, Cornwallis was forced to surrender to George Washington in 1781 at the Battle of Yorktown.Continue Reading
Between his victories and his final defeat, Cornwallis embarked on an unsuccessful military campaign in the southern colonies. After some success in South Carolina, Cornwallis's forces met fierce opposition in North Carolina and were defeated at the Battles of Kings Mountain and Cowpens. His defeats in the Southern theatre were later used by some of Cornwalllis's political enemies in England in an attempt to discredit him.
From 1786 to 1794, Cornwallis served as the governor-general and commander in chief in India, where he made significant reforms to both the British East India Company and the way the country was ruled. Several years after returning to Britain from his post in India, Cornwallis was appointed lord lieutenant and commander in chief of Ireland. Originally installed in response to a Catholic-led revolt in the country, Cornwallis was seen by some Irish elites as sympathetic towards Catholics, and in fact, he argued for the emancipation of Catholics in the country. Cornwallis died in 1805, shortly after returning to India following his reappointment as governor general.Learn more about US History
A combined force of troops from the American Continental Army and the French Army, the former led by General George Washington and the latter by the Comte de Rochambeau, won the Battle of Yorktown against British Army troops. Also called the "Siege of Yorktown" or "Surrender at Yorktown," the confrontation began on September 28, 1781, and ended on October 19 of the same year when Major General Lord Cornwallis surrendered.Full Answer >
George Washington is famous for being the first president of the United States and leading the Continental Army to victory in the American Revolution. He also served as the president of the Constitutional Convention and worked to ensure the Constitution was ratified.Full Answer >
The outcome of the Battle of Trenton was a victory for General George Washington's colonial army. Almost 1,000 Hessians in the employ of the British army were killed, wounded or captured. The triumph, coming after a string of defeats, encouraged and unified the Continental Army.Full Answer >
The winner of the Battle of Antietam was deemed inconclusive, although a tactical victory was claimed by the Union army and gave President Abraham Lincoln the backing he needed to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation. The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862, in Sharpsburg, Maryland, and was the first battle to be fought in the North. As of 2014, the battle remains the bloodiest single day in American history.Full Answer >