Mohandas Gandhi was a revolutionary leader in the movement for Indian independence from Great Britain, and led nonviolent protests to work for the social and economic rights of the oppressed. Gandhi was imprisoned several times for his activism.
Gandhi was the leader of the Satyagraha movement, or "soul force" consisting of civil disobedience. He initiated passive resistance campaigns, such as hunger strikes and boycotts, to protest taxation and unfair laws that made life difficult for poor farmers and laborers. He also worked for women's rights, worked against the caste system and taught others to follow a lifestyle of meditation, prayer and fasting. He was a leader of the Indian National Congress, which worked for independence.