Q:

Why was Francisco Pizarro able to defeat the Incas so easily?

A:

Quick Answer

According to The Biography Channel, Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro was able to defeat the Inca easily because the Incans were embroiled in their own civil war and suffering from the smallpox epidemic, both of which had dramatically weakened the Incan empire. This made it easy for Pizzaro to take the last Incan Emperor, Atahuallpa, prisoner and execute him, paving the way for complete conquest.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

According to the History Channel, Franciso Pizzaro sailed to Peru in 1531 and reached the Incan town of Cajamarca in November of 1532. After Pizarro persuaded Atahuallpa to meet with him, he ambushed the Incan emperor, killing thousands of his men with the superior weapons of the Spanish army. Atahuallpa was taken prisoner, but he offered to fill a large room with gold in exchange for his release. Pizzaro accepted the gold but put Atahuallpa on trial and had him executed in 1533. Pizzaro was then able to move on to the city of Cuzco, where he conquered the city with little resistance from the weakened Incans. He placed a puppet emperor, Manco Capac in charge and went on to found the city of Lima, in 1535. The following year, Manco Capac attempted one last uprising of the Incans against the Spaniards, but he was quickly defeated and the fall of Incan Empire was complete.

Learn more about Ancient America

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What did Francisco Pizarro discover?

    A:

    Francisco Pizarro discovered and conquered the Incan Empire in what later became the country of Peru. When he established the first settlement from Spain in Peru, San Miguel de Piura, the Inca leader Atahualpa did not accept the presence of the Spaniards. The Battle of Cajamarca broke out as a result, and Pizarro ended up capturing, and ultimately executing, Atahualpa. In the presence of this leadership vacuum, it was simple for Pizarro to take Cuzco, the Incan capital, and take all of Peru for Spain.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    What happened to the Incas?

    A:

    The Incan Empire was conquered by the Spanish, led by Francisco Pizarro and his brothers, between 1532 and 1572. Though the Incas resisted, they were weakened by smallpox and civil war, which helped the Spanish defeat them and subsequently destroy much of their culture.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What were the major accomplishments of the Incas?

    A:

    Some of the major accomplishments of the Incas included their inventions, such as the flute, drum and Inca calendar. Culturally, Incas were also adept in creating pottery and cloth, and politically they are known for integrating imperial policies with ethnic diversity, which was way ahead of its time.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where was the Aztec Empire located?

    A:

    The Aztec Empire was located in what is now called central Mexico and was the last of the great Mesoamerica native civilizations to be overthrown. The Aztec Empire was overthrown in 1521 when Hernan Cortes, the Spanish conquistador, defeated the Aztecs at Tenochtitlan.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore