The primary reasons for the decline of the English gentry were taxation, reformed voting laws, the industrial revolution and war, according to About.com. To a lesser degree, women's suffrage and the rise of divorce were also contributors.Continue Reading
For centuries, only the land-owning gentry could vote in England, which meant they could control the laws regarding land ownership. Naturally, these favored the wealthy. In the early part of the 19th century, however, voting law was reformed, expanding the voting population in England. This initiated the decline of the English gentry. The voting issue for the gentry was compounded by the industrial revolution, which saw the establishment of factories in urban areas and the migration of workers from the country into the city. The establishment of the railroad made the transportation of goods and people much faster, and farming declined.
By the early 20th century, land taxes were significantly higher than they had been in the past. Tenants who had migrated to the cities for factory jobs that paid better than farming were no longer available to pay rent, so many land owners could no longer afford to maintain their estates. As a result, they began selling off all or part of them. Additionally, World Wars I and II dealt significant blows to the British economy at large. Women also had the right to vote and own land. Since there were no laws restricting inheritance to sons, fortunes were more widely disbursed and divorce became more common.Learn more about Modern Europe
The main reasons for the secession of the Southern from the Union were states' rights, unfair taxation and slavery. In general, the states that seceded felt that the laws of the Union were unfair.Full Answer >
According to the History Channel, the Russian revolutions of 1917 led to the withdrawal of Russia from the first World War, a civil war between factions inside Russia, the rise of Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks and the birth of the USSR. It also triggered Marxist revolutions in countries around the world although none were ultimately as successful or long lasting as the Russian revolution.Full Answer >
The Bolshevik Revolution refers to the second revolution that occurred in Russia in October 1917 led by Lenin and the Bolshevik party. The revolution took place on Oct. 25, 1917, and involved Bolshevik troops seizing key locations in the Russian capital of Petrograd from the provisional government.Full Answer >
Causes of the 1905 revolution in Russia included discontent among industrial workers and rural peasants, discrimination against Jews and other minorities, student unrest, the rise of socialism and a humiliating defeat in the war against Japan. Additionally, the repression of the Tsarist regime created a state of great fear and discontent in the country.Full Answer >