While the Iroquois used several modes of transportation, almost all of them were dependent on human power. Walking was their most common way of moving. They used canoes to travel along rivers and in the Great Lakes. When there was snow on the ground or the water froze, they used snow shoes and toboggans pulled by human power or a team of three dogs.Continue Reading
The Iroquois made canoes by hollowing out logs from birch bark. They shaped the bark over a cedar frame and sewed it together using a bone awl and tree roots. They then sealed the canoe with tree pitch they cooked with charcoal to darken. After contact with the Europeans, the Iroquois developed sleds with bent ash runners. These sleds made collecting firewood and maple sap easier when there was snow.
The Iroquois lived along the Saint Lawrence River and the Great Lakes. They built longhouses that housed 18 to 20 people each. Because they used human power to move their belongings, they limited their personal possessions. In actuality, the Iroquois were not a single tribe, but a group of six tribes that banded together to form a league believed to have formed when the Europeans came to America; however, oral tradition claims this league existed thousands of years before the first white settlers crossed the ocean.Learn more about US History
The Iroquois were a native confederacy whose territories were originally within the boundaries of modern-day New York state between the Adirondack mountains and Niagara Falls. They conquered lands that eventually extended along the eastern seaboard of North America and into the interior, from modern Kentucky to southern Ontario down through the Delaware River Valley.Full Answer >
Tools used by the Iroquois included stone axes, flint knives, hoes, arrowheads and knives. Tools of the Iroquois served many purposes: some helped the Iroquois farm, while others facilitated hunting and preparing animals for food and clothing. Iroquois used knives, for instance, to remove animal meat from skin following kills; the meat served as food, while Iroquois used the hides as clothing or to make shelters.Full Answer >
The men of the Iroquois, also known as Haudenosaunee mostly wore breech cloth, and the women often wore skirts and tunics. Children dressed similarly to their parents.Full Answer >
The Iroquois' enemies were the Algonkin tribe and the settlers of the United States; however, before the 1500s the Iroquois were also enemies to one another, according to the Independence Hall Association. This is because the Iroquois were made up of five different tribes and they spent much of their time fighting against one another.Full Answer >