No single person invented medicine. The science of art and healing developed over centuries, across many cultures, and it derived from many different influences. Prehistoric medical records discovered in ancient Egypt, Babylon, China, Greece and Rome share similarities, such as the use of herbs.
According to the Ancient History Encyclopedia, prehistoric medical doctors and healers believed strongly in the use of herbs, minerals and animals' internal organs.
According to historical documents, the first known practicing physician, Imhotep, was located in Egypt. Many likely came before him, but he was the first known by name. The progressive public health system and dry climate in Egypt at this time allowed its residents to thrive.