John Jay was the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Appointed by President George Washington in 1789, he served until his resignation in 1795, at which time John Rutledge took the position.
Serving with Chief Justice Jay on the original Supreme Court were Justices John Rutledge, William Cushing, James Wilson and John Blair, Jr. John Jay played an active role in the political life of the young United States. He was a founding father and a delegate to both the first and second Continental Congress. He turned down President Washington's invitation to be Secretary of State but agreed to take the position of Chief Justice. After leaving the Court, he became the governor of New York for six years.