Ancient Mesopotamian farmers used basic farming tools, such as a plow and sickle. The first Mesopotamian farmers began cultivating crops around 6,000 B.C. using a simple stone plow that was pulled by oxen. The stone plow was typically attached to a shaft made of wood.Continue Reading
The first stone plows used in Mesopotamia are referred to as beam-ards and created a furrow in the soil without causing it to turn. This design stayed constant for most of the Mesopotamian civilization and it was not until 2,300 B.C. that the seed plow was invented. The seed plow featured a similar design to the beam-ard but included a funnel that dropped a seed into the furrow.
Farming tools in Ancient Mesopotamia were made using materials such as clay, timber and stone. The quality of the tools improved for workers on temple estates and palaces with the introduction of copper-alloy and iron tools.
The farming period in Mesopotamia began in late October and early November with the plowing and planting of seeds in the fields. Harvest would occur during the period between late April and June. Common crops in the region included peas, beans and lentils. Other vegetables and fruits were also grown, including apples, figs, pomegranates and onions.Learn more about Mesopotamia
Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.Full Answer >
Priests held powerful positions in ancient Mesopotamian society because people thought the priests possessed a direct connection to the local gods. Religion played a significant role in Mesopotamian culture, government and the daily lives of all. More than 1,000 deities existed in the pantheon of the Mesopotamian gods, with each city overseen by its own local god.Full Answer >
The characteristics of Mesopotamian civilization included the city-state, irrigation, polytheistic religion, three distinct social classes and the development of the solar calendar. Mesopotamian civilization is thought to have been the first human civilization center of the world.Full Answer >
The primary jobs in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia were based on the agrarian nature of the society. Most Mesopotamian citizens raised and tended crops or livestock. There were also other jobs available, such as weavers, artisans, healers, teachers, and priests or priestesses.Full Answer >