The Farmer's Alliance was a social and economic movement that developed among American farmers in the mid-1800s. The Alliance was composed of several organizations, including the National Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union and the Colored Farmers' National Alliance in the South and the National Farmers' Alliance in the Midwest
The culmination of the Farmer's Alliance was the Ocala demands of 1890. These demands, which later became part of the political platform of the People's Party, called for, among other things, the closing of national banks and the establishment of state treasuries to make low-interest loans to farmers. They also demanded the return of land seized by railroads and other corporations that was not in commercial use.