Some famous people known for civil disobedience are Henry David Thoreau, Mohandas Gandhi and Vaclav Havel. Civil disobedience is the refusal to comply with unjust laws as a form of political protest.Continue Reading
Thoreau's 1848 essay "Civil Disobedience" formulated the idea of civil disobedience in the modern era. In this essay, he explained the rationale behind his refusal to pay federal taxes while the United States was condoning slavery and prosecuting the Mexican-American War. Arguing that his taxes would support policies that he found immoral, Thoreau refused to pay them, earning himself a night in jail.
Gandhi created the concept of satyagraha, a theory of nonviolent civil disobedience, in his long movement to free India from British colonial domination. He led many mass acts of civil disobedience, including the Dandi Salt March of 1930, in which a crowd of tens of thousands defied the British tax on salt by making their own salt from the sea. These protests were crucial in securing India's independence.
Havel tweaked the theory of civil disobedience to make it relevant in a communist society. In his essay "The Power of the Powerless," Havel posits that the totalitarian system requires everyone in a society to submit, meaning that anyone who refuses to submit calls the whole system into question. Havel used his insight to lead a movement that ultimately led to democracy.Learn more about Modern History
Henry David Thoreau said, "Go confidently in the direction of your dreams. Live the life you have imagined." His friend Ralph Waldo Emerson said, "The only person you are destined to become is the person you decide to be." These are among Forbes' top 100 inspirational quotes, as of 2015.Full Answer >
Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson were similar in many tenets of the philosophies to which they held but differed in that Thoreau's approach was inherently personal while Emerson's was removed and observational. Emerson believed that the philosopher's duty was to observe without interaction, while Thoreau believed men should live their beliefs.Full Answer >
Following its departure from the British Empire in 1956, Sudan experienced cultural and religious classes that led to ongoing civil war. While there have been periods of peace, establishing a democracy has proved difficult.Full Answer >
The attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria was the cause of the Nigerian Civil War. Another name for this conflict is the Biafran War because those provinces named themselves the Republic of Biafra.Full Answer >