Some famous historical people include King Henry VIII, George Washington and Nelson Mandela. All three historical figures held the highest office possible in their respective countries. Henry VIII ruled England, Washington was the first president of the United States, and Mandela was the president of South Africa.
Henry VIII ruled from 1491 to 1547 and ushered England into an era of Protestant Reformation. He married six different wives in hopes of spawning a male heir. Two of his wives died of natural causes, while he beheaded two others for treason. The pope refused to allow him to annul his first marriage, which led the country to split from Catholic Church and form the Church of England.
George Washington commanded the American forces during the Revolutionary War, winning a number of victories such as Trenton and Yorktown, and keeping the colonial army from decimation in New York. He served as president of the United States from 1789 until 1797, refusing to serve a third term due to age and an urge to set a precedent.
Born in 1918, Nelson Mandela, became the most important civil rights activist in South African history. He fought against apartheid as a member of the African National Congress party. He staged peaceful protests as well as armed resistance. He spent three decades in prison, but after being released in 1990, he became the country's first black president four years later.