Three famous black inventors are George Washington Carver, Lewis Latimer and Garret Augustus Morgan. All three inventors were born in America. Carver and Latimer were born slaves before or during the Civil War, while Morgan was born free in 1877.
George Washington Carver was only barely born into slavery, with a birth year of around 1864 in Missouri. He taught at the Tuskegee Institute as the head of the agricultural department. Most of his research was based around a few key plants, and he is most famous for his inventions regarding the peanut. He developed plastics, dyes and gasoline from these plants.
Lewis Latimer was born in 1848 in Massachusetts to parents who were escaped slaves. Although the government attempted to send the family back into slavery, enough money was raised to buy their freedom. He is best known for his work on electric lighting, such as learning how to make filament wires more durable and longer lasting.
Born in Kentucky, Garret Augustus Morgan only achieved a sixth-grade education but went on to invent a protective hood that helped firefighters breathe safely when surrounded by smoke. He also held the patent for an electric traffic light, which General Electric put to use.