Experts believe that Nicolaus Copernicus' heliocentric theory stating that the sun is the center of the solar system was one of the factors that led to the scientific revolution. Other factors included economic expansion, translations of Greek scientific texts and the idea that nature could be understood logically.
Copernicus published "On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres" in 1543, sparking off the scientific revolution and a new era of astronomical thought. This theory explains that the sun, not the Earth, is the center of the solar system and planets move in a circular motion around it. This had many social, intellectual and religious ramifications. For instance, this theory brought into question the strict interpretation of the Bible and philosophies of the Catholic Church.
At the same time, Andreas Vesalius published a book on human anatomy and mathematician Girolamo Cardano published "The Great Art" about algebra, increasing scientific knowledge. Johannes Kepler improved on Copernicus' work, suggesting that planets move in elliptical not circular orbits. A few years later Galileo Galilei was born, eventually becoming a celebrated Italian astronomer who not only supported the Copernican theory, but also did groundwork for Newton's breaking theories on gravity.
The Scientific Revolution sparked the Age of Reason, characterized by philosophy from Rene Descartes, John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.