World War 2

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It is estimated that there were between 14,000 and 19,000 casualties on the initial day of the invasion of Normandy. Allied forces suffered the greatest number with approximately 10,000 casualties. The Germans suffered between 4,000 and 9,000 casualties.

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  • Why were the Jewish people targeted by Hitler?

    Q: Why were the Jewish people targeted by Hitler?

    A: According to the History Channel, Hitler targeted the Jewish people to fulfill his two main goals of racial purity for the Aryans, or pure Germans, and the need for territory in which that race could expand. In his virulent anti-Semitism, he saw the Jewish people as an evil race bent on dominating the world and blamed them for many of Germany's problems, including its defeat during World War I.
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  • Why was the blitzkrieg effective?

    Q: Why was the blitzkrieg effective?

    A: The blitzkrieg, which is German for "lightning war," was an effective German strategy in World War II because it took full advantage of the new ideas of mechanized warfare with bombers, fighter planes and tanks to soften up the enemy and create terror before sending in infantry troops. This caught many countries off guard because they were accustomed to the more traditional tactics used in World War I.
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  • What countries were affected by the Holocaust?

    Q: What countries were affected by the Holocaust?

    A: The Holocaust affected many countries, but Hitler was primarily focused on eradicating Jewish civilians from European countries occupied by Nazi Germany. The most affected countries include Germany, Austria, Poland, Italy and several countries within the Soviet Union.
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  • Why did the U.S. get involved in World War II?

    Q: Why did the U.S. get involved in World War II?

    A: The United States got involved in World War II after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The attack occurred after the United States refused to continue trading iron and gasoline to Japan. Japan needed these items to continue their war with China.
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  • How many people died in the Battle of Iwo Jima?

    Q: How many people died in the Battle of Iwo Jima?

    A: The Battle of Iwo Jima resulted in 25,707 deaths, according to the Navy Department Library. The battle caused the deaths of 6,800 American sailors and Marines, as well as the death of 18,917 Japanese soldiers.
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  • What caused World War II?

    Q: What caused World War II?

    A: Many factors lead to World War II, and many of them were either directly or indirectly linked to World War I, including dissatisfaction over the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Fascism and Hitler's rise to power and his eventual aggression, using his Nazi party to fulfill a mission to unite all German-speaking people.
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  • How did Hitler get people to follow him?

    Q: How did Hitler get people to follow him?

    A: Hitler was an extremely gifted orator who knew what his audience wanted to hear and how to package it. His appeal was especially strong in a nation torn apart by World War I and the Great Depression.
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  • How many people died on D-Day?

    Q: How many people died on D-Day?

    A: On D-Day, over 4,400 Allied soldiers died, as did between 4,000 and 9,000 German soldiers. This battle was the start of the larger campaign of the Battle of Normandy, which led to 425,000 killed, injured or missing soldiers.
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  • What were the causes and effects of World War II?

    Q: What were the causes and effects of World War II?

    A: The main cause of World War II was the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany and its subsequent invasion of other countries. The causes can be linked back to World War I. The main effects of WWII include the Cold War, occupation of territories and the widespread destruction in Western Europe.
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  • How did Japan change politically after World War II?

    Q: How did Japan change politically after World War II?

    A: Japan changed from an empire to a representative democracy following World War II. While government reforms under the American occupation were initially very liberal, the Cold War eventually caused a shift in policy that led to a more conservative policy in Japan.
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  • How did World War II begin?

    Q: How did World War II begin?

    A: World War II began when Germany invaded Poland in 1939. The invasion began on September 1, but the war didn't begin officially until Great Britain and France declared war on Germany.
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  • What countries were involved in D-Day?

    Q: What countries were involved in D-Day?

    A: The main countries involved in D-Day on the side of the Allies were the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada. There were also troops from Australia, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway and Poland. The only country in the Axis Powers to participate in the battle was Germany.
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  • What happened to Elie Wiesel's sisters?

    Q: What happened to Elie Wiesel's sisters?

    A: Elie Wiesel's older sisters, Hilda and Beatrice, survived their internment at the Auschwitz concentration camp, met Wiesel after the camps were liberated and eventually immigrated to North America. Wiesel's younger sister, Tzipora, died in Auschwitz.
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  • How many people died in Pearl Harbor?

    Q: How many people died in Pearl Harbor?

    A: Lasting less than 2 hours, the assault on Pearl Harbor resulted in the deaths of more than 2,500 people and wounded more than 1,000 more. The losses at Pearl Harbor also included 18 American ships and about 300 airplanes.
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  • Why is Anne Frank important to history?

    Q: Why is Anne Frank important to history?

    A: Anne Frank is important to history because her diary provides a first-hand account of a Jewish teen whose family went into hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands. On a tip from an unknown informant, the Germans arrested the family and transported them to a concentration camp. Anne, her mother and sister all died before Germany was defeated, but her father survived and published her diary.
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  • How many World War II veterans are still alive?

    Q: How many World War II veterans are still alive?

    A: As of June 2014, there were an estimated 1 million American World War II veterans still alive. Roughly 555 veterans die per day, according to the Veterans Administration, and most living veterans are in their 80s and 90s.
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  • How did Stalin use propaganda to gain power?

    Q: How did Stalin use propaganda to gain power?

    A: Stalin used propaganda to initiate a campaign that showed the public how close he was with its deceased leader Vladimir Lenin. In reality, Lenin did not like Stalin. In a testament written by Lenin in 1922, he stated that he believed Leon Trotsky, the founder of the Red Army, would make a better leader. Stalin prevented the publication of the testament as another part of his propaganda plan.
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  • What are some Pearl Harbor facts for kids?

    Q: What are some Pearl Harbor facts for kids?

    A: On Dec. 7, 1941, Japan attacked the American military base Pearl Harbor, located near Honolulu, Hawaii. The attack happened early in the morning while the sailors were asleep, so it was difficult for them to defend themselves. When the attack was over, 21 out of 96 ships had been sunk, with several more damaged. Because of the attack, the United States entered World War II.
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  • Why did the Frank family leave Germany?

    Q: Why did the Frank family leave Germany?

    A: Anne Frank's parents, Otto and Edith Frank, decided to leave Germany in 1933 due to the economic crisis, Hitler's rise to power and the growing anti-Semitism in the country. The Franks were a liberal, middle-class Jewish family living in Frankfurt am Main before they decided to move to the Netherlands to escape the persecution of Jews in Germany.
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  • What was the conclusion of World War II?

    Q: What was the conclusion of World War II?

    A: World War II ended in two stages: the total destruction of the German government in Berlin in May 1945 and the capitulation of the Japanese government four months later. In each case, the victorious Allies accepted the unconditional surrender of the Axis nations' land, sea and air forces, as well as a political surrender of their civil governments.
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  • Where was the Eastern Front located?

    Q: Where was the Eastern Front located?

    A: In World War I, the Eastern Front essentially consisted of the borders between Austria-Hungary, Germany and Bulgaria on the west, and Russia and Romania on the east. In World War II, the Eastern Front extended from Germany's border with Poland in the north to Ukraine's border on the Black Sea.
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