World War 1

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Russia pulled out of World War I because the communists wanted to focus on internal rather than external problems after they seized power in the February Revolution of 1917. Growing battlefield losses and defeats had exacerbated the discontent of the Russian populace that led to the revolution, and the Bolsheviks wanted to consolidate their power rather than continue to oppose the Central Powers with their weakened military.

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  • Who won World War I?

    Q: Who won World War I?

    A: The Allies won World War I. The primary members of the Allies were the British Empire, France, Italy (after 1915) and the Russian Empire, although Russia pulled out before the end of the war. Japan, Greece, Belgium, Serbia, Montenegro, Romania and several other nations contributed to the Allied cause. The United States fought alongside Allied troops but never formally entered the alliance.
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  • Why was WWI called the "war to end all wars"?

    Q: Why was WWI called the "war to end all wars"?

    A: After it was over, World War I was called "the war to end all wars" because it was so destructive that the nations of the world wanted to prevent such slaughter from ever happening again. This prompted prolonged negotiations over proposed solutions like the League of Nations. Unfortunately, rather than end war, the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 set the stage for World War II.
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  • What caused the U.S. entry into WWI?

    Q: What caused the U.S. entry into WWI?

    A: On April 6, 1917, the United States officially declared war against Germany after the country repeatedly attacked armed and unarmed vessels traveling to Britain, resulting in American casualties. In 1915, Germany had enacted a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare against any ships that entered the British war zone. President Woodrow Wilson maintained neutrality until Germany ignored an agreement to ensure passenger safety before destroying enemy ships.
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  • Why did Great Britain get involved in World War I?

    Q: Why did Great Britain get involved in World War I?

    A: When Britain entered World War I, it was primarily in reaction to Germany invading Belgium. Britain promised to defend Belgium in perpetuity under the Treaty of London, which it entered into in 1839. A secondary reason the country joined the war was too ensure that no European country became significantly larger or more powerful than the others.
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  • How many people died in World War I?

    Q: How many people died in World War I?

    A: Although there is some debate about the true number of World War I casualties, the U.S. Department of Justice estimates that a total of 5,142,631 souls perished during the war. Russia lost the highest number of people, with 1.7 million people or 76.3 percent of its armed forces killed, while 116,516 American lives were lost.
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  • What was the convoy system in World War I?

    Q: What was the convoy system in World War I?

    A: The convoy system in World War I involved organizing ships into large groups under the protection of armed naval vessels to provide better defense and countermeasures against German U-boat attacks. The ships protected were usually civilian merchant vessels, military supply ships and troop transports. Warships, such as destroyers, cruisers and torpedo boats, were used for convoy protection. They also sometimes deployed aerial reconnaissance to spot potential underwater U-boat movement.
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  • How did World War I lead to World War II?

    Q: How did World War I lead to World War II?

    A: The terms on which World War I ended set the stage for World War II, which began just 20 years later, by negatively impacting the belligerent countries politically, economically and socially. The Treaty of Versailles, which formally ended World War I in 1919, was an instrument of vengeance against the Central Powers, and dissatisfaction over its terms left the defeated nations vulnerable to extremist movements promising revenge.
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  • Why did the United States want to remain neutral in WWI?

    Q: Why did the United States want to remain neutral in WWI?

    A: The majority of Americans felt that the United States should stay out of World War I because it was not a signatory to any of the agreements that had lured the European powers into conflict across the continent, so President Woodrow Wilson declared a neutrality policy, attempting instead to broker a peace agreement. Even when a German sub sank the British ocean liner Lusitania in 1915, with 128 Americans on board, the United States demanded a stop to the destruction of passenger ships, and Germany agreed, leading to continued American neutrality.
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  • What was the Arms Race during WW1?

    Q: What was the Arms Race during WW1?

    A: Before World War I, many European nations grew their military powers and produced new military technology dramatically as a result of direct competition over potential colonies. Countries such as Germany and Britain engaged in a race to produce the most powerful armies through invention and mass production of weapons. This arms race is often cited as a leading cause for World War I.
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  • How did the Treaty of Versailles change the world map?

    Q: How did the Treaty of Versailles change the world map?

    A: The Treaty of Versailles radically reorganized the map of Europe, to the detriment of the German Empire, and restructured many of Germany's former overseas colonies. In every case, Central Power nations lost territory, and Allied nations gained territory, although some colonies were transferred to international control, and a number of European countries became independent.
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  • How was poison gas used in World War I?

    Q: How was poison gas used in World War I?

    A: During WWI, poison gas was used as a type of chemical warfare to attack large armies. The gas was delivered either by using the wind to carry the poisonous gas to the enemy's front line or by placing the gas into artillery and aerial bombs and firing them at the enemy's front lines.
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  • Why did the United States reject the Treaty of Versailles?

    Q: Why did the United States reject the Treaty of Versailles?

    A: The United States rejected the Treaty of Versailles due to the opposition of a group of senators called the Irreconcilables, who believed that under the terms of the treaty, the United States would lose too much of its autonomy to the League of Nations. All of the Irreconcilables were enemies of President Woodrow Wilson, who originally advocated for the League of Nations and helped compose the details of the treaty.
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  • Who were the Allied Powers in World War I?

    Q: Who were the Allied Powers in World War I?

    A: The Allied powers in World War I included Great Britain, France, the United States and Italy. The Allies included 25 nations in all.
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  • What is the definition of the alliance system?

    Q: What is the definition of the alliance system?

    A: The definition of an alliance system is a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes. An alliance system can also be defined as an agreement between individuals, families or corporations. However, the term alliance system is most often used in reference to a historical event when an agreement was reached to prevent the outbreak of war or to define territorial borders.
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  • Why were the Balkans considered a powder keg?

    Q: Why were the Balkans considered a powder keg?

    A: The Western Balkans were a source of ethnic tensions primarily due to the fact that Yugoslavia was formed as a federation of distinct ethnic groups. Once the Soviet central leadership failed in Yugoslavia, many of the individual groups within the country saw no reason to remain federated.
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  • Q: What was life like for nurses in World War I?

    A: Nurses in World War I often faced gruesome injuries, cramped living conditions and criticism from male members of the military. Nurses in World War I dressed in official uniforms provided by the American Red Cross. Despite maintaining neat, trim appearances and performing laudable work, nurses faced considerable difficulties, ranging from close and cramped living conditions to low wages and dangerous working conditions.
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  • Q: Did someone win World War I?

    A: The Allies, or Entente Powers, defeated the Central Powers and were victorious in World War I. The main members of the Allies were Great Britain, France and Russia. The United States entered the war on the side of the Allies, though it did not formally ally itself with this group.
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  • Q: Where was World War I fought?

    A: World War I was fought primarily in western Europe and the north Atlantic Ocean as well as in the Middle East and North Africa. Major conflict areas were the Western Front, the Eastern Front, the Gallipoli Peninsula and around Jutland in the North Sea.
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  • Why did Russia pull out of World War I?

    Q: Why did Russia pull out of World War I?

    A: Russia pulled out of World War I because the communists wanted to focus on internal rather than external problems after they seized power in the February Revolution of 1917. Growing battlefield losses and defeats had exacerbated the discontent of the Russian populace that led to the revolution, and the Bolsheviks wanted to consolidate their power rather than continue to oppose the Central Powers with their weakened military.
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  • Q: What was the role of the Zimmerman telegram in World War I?

    A: The Zimmerman telegram was a communication from German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmerman to the Mexican government meant to persuade Mexico to form an alliance with Germany during World War I. It played a vital role in inflaming the American people against Germany and pushing President Woodrow Wilson to declare war on Germany. Shortly after the telegram became public, the United States entered the war on the side of the Allies.
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  • Q: What was not a major cause of World War I?

    A: According to About.com, Germany was not a major cause of the start of World War I. In fact, it was Austria-Hungary that first declared war on Serbia, leading to the beginning of WWI. Not all countries entered into WWI at the same time. Japan, Italy and the United States are examples of countries that took part in the war but were not involved from the beginning.
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