World War 1

A:

The Allied powers in World War I included Great Britain, France, the United States and Italy. The Allies included 25 nations in all.

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  • Why were the Balkans considered a powder keg?

    Q: Why were the Balkans considered a powder keg?

    A: The Western Balkans were a source of ethnic tensions primarily due to the fact that Yugoslavia was formed as a federation of distinct ethnic groups. Once the Soviet central leadership failed in Yugoslavia, many of the individual groups within the country saw no reason to remain federated.
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  • Why did the United States reject the Treaty of Versailles?

    Q: Why did the United States reject the Treaty of Versailles?

    A: The United States rejected the Treaty of Versailles due to the opposition of a group of senators called the Irreconcilables, who believed that under the terms of the treaty, the United States would lose too much of its autonomy to the League of Nations. All of the Irreconcilables were enemies of President Woodrow Wilson, who originally advocated for the League of Nations and helped compose the details of the treaty.
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  • Why was WWI called the "war to end all wars"?

    Q: Why was WWI called the "war to end all wars"?

    A: After it was over, World War I was called "the war to end all wars" because it was so destructive that the nations of the world wanted to prevent such slaughter from ever happening again. This prompted prolonged negotiations over proposed solutions like the League of Nations. Unfortunately, rather than end war, the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 set the stage for World War II.
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  • What was the Arms Race during WW1?

    Q: What was the Arms Race during WW1?

    A: Before World War I, many European nations grew their military powers and produced new military technology dramatically as a result of direct competition over potential colonies. Countries such as Germany and Britain engaged in a race to produce the most powerful armies through invention and mass production of weapons. This arms race is often cited as a leading cause for World War I.
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  • Why did the United States want to remain neutral in WWI?

    Q: Why did the United States want to remain neutral in WWI?

    A: The majority of Americans felt that the United States should stay out of World War I because it was not a signatory to any of the agreements that had lured the European powers into conflict across the continent, so President Woodrow Wilson declared a neutrality policy, attempting instead to broker a peace agreement. Even when a German sub sank the British ocean liner Lusitania in 1915, with 128 Americans on board, the United States demanded a stop to the destruction of passenger ships, and Germany agreed, leading to continued American neutrality.
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  • Who were the Allied Powers in World War I?

    Q: Who were the Allied Powers in World War I?

    A: The Allied powers in World War I included Great Britain, France, the United States and Italy. The Allies included 25 nations in all.
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  • How many people died in World War I?

    Q: How many people died in World War I?

    A: Although there is some debate about the true number of World War I casualties, the U.S. Department of Justice estimates that a total of 5,142,631 souls perished during the war. Russia lost the highest number of people, with 1.7 million people or 76.3 percent of its armed forces killed, while 116,516 American lives were lost.
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  • How was poison gas used in World War I?

    Q: How was poison gas used in World War I?

    A: During WWI, poison gas was used as a type of chemical warfare to attack large armies. The gas was delivered either by using the wind to carry the poisonous gas to the enemy's front line or by placing the gas into artillery and aerial bombs and firing them at the enemy's front lines.
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  • What is the definition of the alliance system?

    Q: What is the definition of the alliance system?

    A: The definition of an alliance system is a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes. An alliance system can also be defined as an agreement between individuals, families or corporations. However, the term alliance system is most often used in reference to a historical event when an agreement was reached to prevent the outbreak of war or to define territorial borders.
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  • How did World War I lead to World War II?

    Q: How did World War I lead to World War II?

    A: The terms on which World War I ended set the stage for World War II, which began just 20 years later, by negatively impacting the belligerent countries politically, economically and socially. The Treaty of Versailles, which formally ended World War I in 1919, was an instrument of vengeance against the Central Powers, and dissatisfaction over its terms left the defeated nations vulnerable to extremist movements promising revenge.
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  • What caused the U.S. entry into WWI?

    Q: What caused the U.S. entry into WWI?

    A: On April 6, 1917, the United States officially declared war against Germany after the country repeatedly attacked armed and unarmed vessels traveling to Britain, resulting in American casualties. In 1915, Germany had enacted a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare against any ships that entered the British war zone. President Woodrow Wilson maintained neutrality until Germany ignored an agreement to ensure passenger safety before destroying enemy ships.
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  • Who won World War I?

    Q: Who won World War I?

    A: The Allies won World War I. The primary members of the Allies were the British Empire, France, Italy (after 1915) and the Russian Empire, although Russia pulled out before the end of the war. Japan, Greece, Belgium, Serbia, Montenegro, Romania and several other nations contributed to the Allied cause. The United States fought alongside Allied troops but never formally entered the alliance.
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  • What was the convoy system in World War I?

    Q: What was the convoy system in World War I?

    A: The convoy system in World War I involved organizing ships into large groups under the protection of armed naval vessels to provide better defense and countermeasures against German U-boat attacks. The ships protected were usually civilian merchant vessels, military supply ships and troop transports. Warships, such as destroyers, cruisers and torpedo boats, were used for convoy protection. They also sometimes deployed aerial reconnaissance to spot potential underwater U-boat movement.
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  • Why did Great Britain get involved in World War I?

    Q: Why did Great Britain get involved in World War I?

    A: When Britain entered World War I, it was primarily in reaction to Germany invading Belgium. Britain promised to defend Belgium in perpetuity under the Treaty of London, which it entered into in 1839. A secondary reason the country joined the war was too ensure that no European country became significantly larger or more powerful than the others.
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  • How did the Treaty of Versailles change the world map?

    Q: How did the Treaty of Versailles change the world map?

    A: The Treaty of Versailles radically reorganized the map of Europe, to the detriment of the German Empire, and restructured many of Germany's former overseas colonies. In every case, Central Power nations lost territory, and Allied nations gained territory, although some colonies were transferred to international control, and a number of European countries became independent.
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  • What clothing did soldiers wear in World War I?

    Q: What clothing did soldiers wear in World War I?

    A: Uniforms of American soldiers in World War I consisted of a tunic, overcoat and trousers in olive drab wool for winter, with a lighter weight of khaki cotton for summer. The uniforms for enlisted men and officers were substantially the same, with the same design and placement of high collars, pockets and shoulder straps.
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  • Q: What did Austria-Hungary do in WWI?

    A: Austria-Hungary's declaration of war on Serbia after the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated precipitated World War I. Because of a tangle of alliances and treaties, other European powers declared war in a chain reaction, plunging the entire continent into war within a week.
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  • Q: Wha were some of the alliance systems during WWI?

    A: Alliance systems that were in place during World War I included the Triple Entente (Britain, Russia, France), the Triple Alliance (Italy, Germany, Austria-Hungary), the Russia-Serbia Treaty and the Britain-Japan Treaty. These alliances contributed to the enormous scale of WWI.
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  • Q: What caused America to enter World War I?

    A: The primary factor in America's decision to enter World War Iwas Germany's resumption of submarine attacks on American vessels, although the Zimmerman Telegram and British war propaganda also had an impact. Although the United States had initially attempted to stay neutral in the conflict, public sympathy slowly shifted toward the Allies, leading to President Woodrow Wilson asking Congress to declare war on April 2, 1917.
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  • Q: Why was WWI called the Great War?

    A: World War I was called "the Great War" not just for its epic scale but also for the sense that it was a more important and meaningful conflict than earlier European wars. The carnage created by the war was unprecedented, and it resulted in significant changes throughout the world.
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  • Q: Who was the prime minister of Canada during World War I?

    A: Sir Robert Laird Borden was the Prime Minister of Canada during World War I. He served as Prime Minister from Oct. 10, 1911 to July 10, 1920.
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