Prehistory

A:

The Cenozoic Era began about 65 million years ago and continues today. It is the third documented era in the history of the Earth. It is marked by the proliferation of mammals, birds, grasses and flowering plants.

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  • What major events happened during the Jurassic period?

    Q: What major events happened during the Jurassic period?

    A: Major events during the Jurassic included the further breakup of the supercontinent Pangaea, the development of subtropical conditions and larger dinosaurs. The earliest bird also took flight during the late Jurassic, and early mammals emerged that would later dominate the Earth.
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  • Which era occurred just before the current era?

    Q: Which era occurred just before the current era?

    A: The era occurring before the current geologic era was the Mesozoic, which began roughly 245 million years ago and ended about 64 million years ago. The Mesozoic era consisted of three periods; from oldest to more recent, they are the Triassic, the Jurassic and the Cretaceous periods.
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  • What are some Stone Age inventions?

    Q: What are some Stone Age inventions?

    A: Some of the earliest inventions of the Stone Age were simple hammerstones that showed evidence of battering, and stone cores, used for a variety of purposes, such as chopping. These stone cores could also produce sharp stone flakes when struck; the stone flakes were in turn used for cutting.
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  • Which species do humans belong to?

    Q: Which species do humans belong to?

    A: Humans belong to the species Homo sapiens. Earlier humans had a heavier bone structure and a smaller brain capacity. Modern humans are lighter in build and have high foreheads with a large brain capacity.
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  • Where did the barbarians come from?

    Q: Where did the barbarians come from?

    A: Barbarians were people who came from anywhere outside of Greece and later Rome. The term is often used to refer to the Germanic and Slavic tribes that attacked Rome during its decline.
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  • When did the first animals appear on Earth?

    Q: When did the first animals appear on Earth?

    A: The first occurrence of simple animals was approximately 600 million years ago. These were characterized as multi-cellular organisms with basic structures, but no true tissues. An example would be a jellyfish or marine sponge.
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  • What did homo erectus wear as clothes?

    Q: What did homo erectus wear as clothes?

    A: Homo erectus, meaning upright man, is thought to have worn animal hides and furs taken from animals it hunted for meat. However, no fossilized remains have survived to fully support this theory.
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  • When was the Stone Age?

    Q: When was the Stone Age?

    A: The term Stone Age refers to the prehistoric period before the advent of metal-working, when most tools were fashioned from rocks and stones. According to the Oxford Dictionary, the Stone Age lasted about 2.5 million years.
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  • When did the Triassic period begin and end?

    Q: When did the Triassic period begin and end?

    A: The Triassic period began approximately 248 million years ago and ended 206 million years ago; although, some sources date it to be between 251 and 199 million years ago. It was followed by the Jurassic period; it was the first period of the Mesozoic era.
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  • How did cavemen communicate?

    Q: How did cavemen communicate?

    A: According to archaeologists, Neanderthal people, known colloquially as cavemen, lived in groups with simple social structures, had their own languages and communicated by speaking. Some scientists conclude that analysis of Neanderthal DNA confirms that they possessed the same gene humans have that is associated with the capability for language and speech.
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  • When did cavemen exist?

    Q: When did cavemen exist?

    A: What are commonly called cavemen were the early European populations of the Pleistocene. Their remains were first discovered in 1868 inside a cave at a site in France, called Cro-Magnon, that was dated to approximately 30,000 years ago.
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  • When did the Cenozoic Era begin?

    Q: When did the Cenozoic Era begin?

    A: The Cenozoic Era began about 65 million years ago and continues today. It is the third documented era in the history of the Earth. It is marked by the proliferation of mammals, birds, grasses and flowering plants.
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  • Where did Australopithecus live?

    Q: Where did Australopithecus live?

    A: Australopithecus lived between 2.95 and 3.85 million years ago in East Africa, approximately where Tanzania, Kenya and Ethiopia exist today. It is believed that Australopithecus survived as a species for approximately 900,000 years before giving way to new hominids.
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  • When did dinosaurs roam the earth?

    Q: When did dinosaurs roam the earth?

    A: Dinosaurs first walked the earth 230 million years ago and dominated the land for 160 million years. They became extinct 65 million years ago during the Cretaceous period.
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  • Q: Why were cave paintings made?

    A: Cave art may have served aesthetic purposes, much like modern art, or communicated information such as philosophical or religious beliefs. Reasons for the creation of cave art fall into several theories, including the theories of shamanism, sympathetic magic and fertility. Regardless of theory, however, historians agree that cave art demonstrates a complexity of thought and manual dexterity unique to humans, say authors at the BBC.
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  • Q: What did Neanderthals eat?

    A: The diet of Neanderthals consisted primarily of meat, based on several pieces of evidence. There is some evidence, however, that shows Neanderthals may also have consumed plant-based food as well.
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  • Q: What is the relationship between history and geography?

    A: According to NationalGeographic.com, the relationship between history and geography stems from "geographical factors having impacted the course of history in many ways." Every historical event has taken place in a geographic location. Because of this connection, history and geography are forever linked.
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  • Q: What did the Cro-Magnon eat?

    A: Cro-Magnon humans ate large land and marine mammals, fish and plant material. Cro-Magnon humans also turned to hunting smaller mammals, such as rabbits, at the end of the last ice age as the larger land animals began to disappear.
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  • Q: What was the government like during the Neolithic Revolution?

    A: Governments during the Neolithic Revolution were small and varied by region, and they were based around river systems and agriculture. Famous governments that started during the Neolithic Revolution include Egypt, Mesopotamia and those in the Indus River Valley.
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  • Q: Where were the Cro-Magnon fossils found?

    A: The Cro-Magnon fossils, which are the remains of early modern humans, or Homo sapiens from between 27,000 to 23,000 years ago, were found near Les Eyzies, a village in southwestern France. The discovery was made in 1868, and its more precise location is a rock shelter named Abri de Cro-Magnon. The term "Cro-Magnon" does not represent a formal taxonomic classification, but it is instead a general term that has become associated with European early modern humans, or EEMH.
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  • When did the Stone Age begin and end?

    Q: When did the Stone Age begin and end?

    A: The Stone Age began 2 to 3 million years ago and ended at around 3300 B.C. The dates for the beginning and end of the Stone Age are ranges because the definition of the age refers to the tools which were developed at different times around the world.
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