Prehistory

A:

The Cenozoic Era began about 65 million years ago and continues today. It is the third documented era in the history of the Earth. It is marked by the proliferation of mammals, birds, grasses and flowering plants.

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  • What major events happened during the Jurassic period?

    Q: What major events happened during the Jurassic period?

    A: Major events during the Jurassic included the further breakup of the supercontinent Pangaea, the development of subtropical conditions and larger dinosaurs. The earliest bird also took flight during the late Jurassic, and early mammals emerged that would later dominate the Earth.
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  • When did the first animals appear on Earth?

    Q: When did the first animals appear on Earth?

    A: The first occurrence of simple animals was approximately 600 million years ago. These were characterized as multi-cellular organisms with basic structures, but no true tissues. An example would be a jellyfish or marine sponge.
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  • What did homo erectus wear as clothes?

    Q: What did homo erectus wear as clothes?

    A: Homo erectus, meaning upright man, is thought to have worn animal hides and furs taken from animals it hunted for meat. However, no fossilized remains have survived to fully support this theory.
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  • Where did Australopithecus live?

    Q: Where did Australopithecus live?

    A: Australopithecus lived between 2.95 and 3.85 million years ago in East Africa, approximately where Tanzania, Kenya and Ethiopia exist today. It is believed that Australopithecus survived as a species for approximately 900,000 years before giving way to new hominids.
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  • When was the Stone Age?

    Q: When was the Stone Age?

    A: The term Stone Age refers to the prehistoric period before the advent of metal-working, when most tools were fashioned from rocks and stones. According to the Oxford Dictionary, the Stone Age lasted about 2.5 million years.
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  • When did dinosaurs roam the earth?

    Q: When did dinosaurs roam the earth?

    A: Dinosaurs first walked the earth 230 million years ago and dominated the land for 160 million years. They became extinct 65 million years ago during the Cretaceous period.
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  • Where did the barbarians come from?

    Q: Where did the barbarians come from?

    A: Barbarians were people who came from anywhere outside of Greece and later Rome. The term is often used to refer to the Germanic and Slavic tribes that attacked Rome during its decline.
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  • When did cavemen exist?

    Q: When did cavemen exist?

    A: What are commonly called cavemen were the early European populations of the Pleistocene. Their remains were first discovered in 1868 inside a cave at a site in France, called Cro-Magnon, that was dated to approximately 30,000 years ago.
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  • When did the Triassic period begin and end?

    Q: When did the Triassic period begin and end?

    A: The Triassic period began approximately 248 million years ago and ended 206 million years ago; although, some sources date it to be between 251 and 199 million years ago. It was followed by the Jurassic period; it was the first period of the Mesozoic era.
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  • How did cavemen communicate?

    Q: How did cavemen communicate?

    A: According to archaeologists, Neanderthal people, known colloquially as cavemen, lived in groups with simple social structures, had their own languages and communicated by speaking. Some scientists conclude that analysis of Neanderthal DNA confirms that they possessed the same gene humans have that is associated with the capability for language and speech.
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  • When did the Cenozoic Era begin?

    Q: When did the Cenozoic Era begin?

    A: The Cenozoic Era began about 65 million years ago and continues today. It is the third documented era in the history of the Earth. It is marked by the proliferation of mammals, birds, grasses and flowering plants.
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  • Which species do humans belong to?

    Q: Which species do humans belong to?

    A: Humans belong to the species Homo sapiens. Earlier humans had a heavier bone structure and a smaller brain capacity. Modern humans are lighter in build and have high foreheads with a large brain capacity.
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  • Which era occurred just before the current era?

    Q: Which era occurred just before the current era?

    A: The era occurring before the current geologic era was the Mesozoic, which began roughly 245 million years ago and ended about 64 million years ago. The Mesozoic era consisted of three periods; from oldest to more recent, they are the Triassic, the Jurassic and the Cretaceous periods.
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  • What are some Stone Age inventions?

    Q: What are some Stone Age inventions?

    A: Some of the earliest inventions of the Stone Age were simple hammerstones that showed evidence of battering, and stone cores, used for a variety of purposes, such as chopping. These stone cores could also produce sharp stone flakes when struck; the stone flakes were in turn used for cutting.
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  • How did cavemen live?

    Q: How did cavemen live?

    A: The caveman, or homo neanderthalensis, lived in nuclear families during the Pleistocene Epoch in Eurasia around 200,000 to 300,000 years ago, taking shelter in caves and living a rudimentary existence. Fossilized remains suggest that most cavemen lived to be around 30 years of age, although some may have lived longer.
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  • What is some information about early man?

    Q: What is some information about early man?

    A: Early humans, or Homo sapiens, are anatomically the same species as modern humans. They came into existence around 200,000 years ago in Africa. Early humans originated from the coastal areas of central East Africa.
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  • Q: What are some Paleo Indian artifacts?

    A: Stone projectile points are among the most common artifacts found from the time of the Paleo Indians. These projectile points were beautifully carved and attached into the ends of spear shafts.
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  • Q: What kind of clothing did Neolithic people wear?

    A: Neolithic people wore handmade cloaks, shoes and head-dressings. During the Neolithic transition, textiles, tooling and resources were advancing, allowing for better clothing to be made.
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  • Q: What happened in the Precambrian time?

    A: The Precambrian Supereon was the longest single time period in Earth's history. Beginning 4.6 billion years ago, and lasting for over 4 billion years, the Precambrian era saw the formation of the Earth, origin of life, rise of multicellular organisms and development of an oxygen-rich terrestrial atmosphere. The Supereon ended with a change to the fossil record, caused by the development of hard-shelled organisms of the Phanerozoic era.
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  • Q: What tools did cavemen use?

    A: The earliest tools of cavemen, dating back millions of years, were made of bone, stone and wood. The handaxe was the first major tool developed by early humans, consisting simply of a sharpened stone held in the hand and used to chop and pierce.
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  • Q: What was Bantu migration?

    A: The Bantu migration refers to the geographic spreading over Africa, from 1000 A.D. to 1800 A.D., of the Bantu, a collection of people that spoke the Bantu language. The Bantu includes groups like the Baganda, Banyoro, Batoru of Uganda, Akamba, Kikuyu and many others. There are two versions as to how the Bantu migrated through the continent.
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