Prehistory

A:

The Cenozoic Era began about 65 million years ago and continues today. It is the third documented era in the history of the Earth. It is marked by the proliferation of mammals, birds, grasses and flowering plants.

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  • What did homo erectus wear as clothes?

    Q: What did homo erectus wear as clothes?

    A: Homo erectus, meaning upright man, is thought to have worn animal hides and furs taken from animals it hunted for meat. However, no fossilized remains have survived to fully support this theory.
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  • When did the Cenozoic Era begin?

    Q: When did the Cenozoic Era begin?

    A: The Cenozoic Era began about 65 million years ago and continues today. It is the third documented era in the history of the Earth. It is marked by the proliferation of mammals, birds, grasses and flowering plants.
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  • Which species do humans belong to?

    Q: Which species do humans belong to?

    A: Humans belong to the species Homo sapiens. Earlier humans had a heavier bone structure and a smaller brain capacity. Modern humans are lighter in build and have high foreheads with a large brain capacity.
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  • How did cavemen communicate?

    Q: How did cavemen communicate?

    A: According to archaeologists, Neanderthal people, known colloquially as cavemen, lived in groups with simple social structures, had their own languages and communicated by speaking. Some scientists conclude that analysis of Neanderthal DNA confirms that they possessed the same gene humans have that is associated with the capability for language and speech.
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  • Where did the barbarians come from?

    Q: Where did the barbarians come from?

    A: Barbarians were people who came from anywhere outside of Greece and later Rome. The term is often used to refer to the Germanic and Slavic tribes that attacked Rome during its decline.
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  • When did cavemen exist?

    Q: When did cavemen exist?

    A: What are commonly called cavemen were the early European populations of the Pleistocene. Their remains were first discovered in 1868 inside a cave at a site in France, called Cro-Magnon, that was dated to approximately 30,000 years ago.
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  • When did dinosaurs roam the earth?

    Q: When did dinosaurs roam the earth?

    A: Dinosaurs first walked the earth 230 million years ago and dominated the land for 160 million years. They became extinct 65 million years ago during the Cretaceous period.
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  • When did the first animals appear on Earth?

    Q: When did the first animals appear on Earth?

    A: The first occurrence of simple animals was approximately 600 million years ago. These were characterized as multi-cellular organisms with basic structures, but no true tissues. An example would be a jellyfish or marine sponge.
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  • Where did Australopithecus live?

    Q: Where did Australopithecus live?

    A: Australopithecus lived between 2.95 and 3.85 million years ago in East Africa, approximately where Tanzania, Kenya and Ethiopia exist today. It is believed that Australopithecus survived as a species for approximately 900,000 years before giving way to new hominids.
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  • When was the Stone Age?

    Q: When was the Stone Age?

    A: The term Stone Age refers to the prehistoric period before the advent of metal-working, when most tools were fashioned from rocks and stones. According to the Oxford Dictionary, the Stone Age lasted about 2.5 million years.
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  • Which era occurred just before the current era?

    Q: Which era occurred just before the current era?

    A: The era occurring before the current geologic era was the Mesozoic, which began roughly 245 million years ago and ended about 64 million years ago. The Mesozoic era consisted of three periods; from oldest to more recent, they are the Triassic, the Jurassic and the Cretaceous periods.
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  • What major events happened during the Jurassic period?

    Q: What major events happened during the Jurassic period?

    A: Major events during the Jurassic included the further breakup of the supercontinent Pangaea, the development of subtropical conditions and larger dinosaurs. The earliest bird also took flight during the late Jurassic, and early mammals emerged that would later dominate the Earth.
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  • What are some Stone Age inventions?

    Q: What are some Stone Age inventions?

    A: Some of the earliest inventions of the Stone Age were simple hammerstones that showed evidence of battering, and stone cores, used for a variety of purposes, such as chopping. These stone cores could also produce sharp stone flakes when struck; the stone flakes were in turn used for cutting.
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  • When did the Triassic period begin and end?

    Q: When did the Triassic period begin and end?

    A: The Triassic period began approximately 248 million years ago and ended 206 million years ago; although, some sources date it to be between 251 and 199 million years ago. It was followed by the Jurassic period; it was the first period of the Mesozoic era.
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  • Q: When was copper first discovered?

    A: Copper was first discovered around 9000 B.C. The first organized use of copper was around 4500 B.C, by the Mesopotamians. Copper was initially used to make weapons and tools.
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  • Q: What does an archaeologist study?

    A: An archaeologist studies the origin and development of humans in the ancient and recent past, generally through the study of material remains. Archaeologists also study the behavior of humans and their culture and language.
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  • Q: When did Australopithecus Africanus roam the Earth?

    A: Australopithecus Africanus lived during the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene epochs, about 3.3 to 2.1 million years ago. Thought to be a direct ancestor of modern humans, these early hominids possessed a combination of ape-like and human-like features.
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  • What are the names of some Mayan kings?

    Q: What are the names of some Mayan kings?

    A: Names of Mayan kings include K'inich Popol Hol, K’ak’ Joplaj Chan K’awiil, Kalak'mul, Tajoom Uk’ab’ K’ak’, Wamaw K’awiil, K’inich B’aaknal Chaak, K’inich Ich’aak Chapat, Muwaan Mat, K’inich Kan B’alam II and K’inich Janaab’ Pakal II. Each Mayan city-state was ruled by a king, and the royal lineages of the city-states were separately maintained.
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  • When did the Stone Age begin and end?

    Q: When did the Stone Age begin and end?

    A: The Stone Age began 2 to 3 million years ago and ended at around 3300 B.C. The dates for the beginning and end of the Stone Age are ranges because the definition of the age refers to the tools which were developed at different times around the world.
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  • Q: When did life begin on Earth?

    A: Life began on Earth about 3.8 billion years ago, a mere 700 million or so years after the Earth was formed. However, these simple life forms remained mostly microscopic until about 570 million years ago.
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  • What are the four major eras of Earth's geological history?

    Q: What are the four major eras of Earth's geological history?

    A: Progressing from the oldest to the current, the four major eras of Earth's geological history are Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The lengths of these eras are often measured by the term "mya," which represents "millions of years ago." The four major eras of the geological time scale, or GTS, are also subdivided into smaller units, such as the Earth's current time scale placement within the Holocene Epoch of the Quaternary Period of the Cenozoic Era.
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