Modern History

A:

Astronauts have landed on the moon six times. In addition to the moon landings, NASA has sent astronauts on missions to flyby or orbit the moon three times.

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  • How do historians study the past?

    Q: How do historians study the past?

    A: Historians study the past by gathering dates from archives, books, artifacts and documents, according to the United States Department of Labor. They use this data to analyze and develop an interpretation of history.
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  • Who was the first plastic surgeon?

    Q: Who was the first plastic surgeon?

    A: The father of modern plastic surgery is Dr. Harold Gillies, but his career started far from the glitz and glamour of Hollywood. He pioneered his techniques in 1917 while serving in the First World War. Tasked with repairing soldiers' wartime injuries, Dr. Gillies's operations helped to counteract the gruesome injuries of shrapnel and trench warfare.
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  • When did South Africa gain independence from Britain?

    Q: When did South Africa gain independence from Britain?

    A: South Africa gained its independence from Great Britain in 1934, though the African National Congress, which was formed 22 years prior to South Africa gaining its independence, did not gain power until 1994.
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  • Who was the husband of Queen Elizabeth?

    Q: Who was the husband of Queen Elizabeth?

    A: Prince Phillip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. Prince Phillip was born on the island of Corfu in Greece. The two met in 1934 at the wedding of a Greek princess.
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  • Did Einstein help invent the atomic bomb?

    Q: Did Einstein help invent the atomic bomb?

    A: While Einstein's theories and efforts contributed indirectly, he was not directly involved in building the world's first nuclear bomb. His theory, E=mc2, helps illustrate the energy released in an atomic reaction, but he was not responsible for instructing the United States on how to build a bomb. He did, however, warn President Roosevelt that Nazi Germany was attempting to build an atomic weapon, which influenced the United States' efforts to make their own.
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  • Why was Nelson Mandela in prison for 27 years?

    Q: Why was Nelson Mandela in prison for 27 years?

    A: Nelson Mandela was incarcerated for 27 years as a result of his efforts to bring racial harmony and equality to South Africa. He began his efforts as soon as he graduated from law school and founded the first black law firm in the country in 1952. As unrest spread in the 1950s and 1960s, Mandela found himself the target of law enforcement efforts, and after he secretly left South Africa to gain aid and training for the struggle, he was picked up and jailed until Feb. 11, 1990.
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  • What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    Q: What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    A: Nelson Mandela fought to end apartheid, which divided people in South Africans based on race. After his release from prison, he sought reconciliation. He is credited with helping South Africa move past its unjust history.
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  • What was the city of Timbuktu best known for?

    Q: What was the city of Timbuktu best known for?

    A: The city of Timbuktu is best known for its trade in gold, salt and superior schools. Some people even called it the “Golden City” for this reason. Between the 13th and 17th centuries, Timbuktu was the center of learning in the Islamic world. This occurred due to the financial boom in growth in the city during the 13th and 14th centuries.
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  • How many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?

    Q: How many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?

    A: Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years, 18 of which were spent at the infamously cruel Robben Island Prison in South Africa, where he was held from 1964 - 1982. Mandela was released from imprisonment in 1990 despite having initially been handed a life sentence. At the time of his imprisonment, South Africa was ruled by the white supremacist system of apartheid, in which native black Africans were officially considered inferior in every way to colonial European citizens, also known as Afrikaners. Mandela was an anti-apartheid revolutionary who eventually became the first president of South Africa, and he was initially imprisoned on charges of incitement before being charged with conspiracy to overthrow the state in what is known as the Rivonia Trial.
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  • How many times have astronauts been to the moon?

    Q: How many times have astronauts been to the moon?

    A: Astronauts have landed on the moon six times. In addition to the moon landings, NASA has sent astronauts on missions to flyby or orbit the moon three times.
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  • How long has the Internet been around?

    Q: How long has the Internet been around?

    A: Generally speaking, the DARPA research project known as ARPANET has been defined as the "beginning" of the Internet, as it was the first instance of resources shared over a wide area network. It first came to life in Sept. 1969, when the IMP server at UCLA came online.
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  • Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    Q: Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    A: Many people know the Rat Pack as Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis, Jr., Dean Martin, Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop. However, the origins of the Rat Pack go back to actor Humphrey Bogart, and Bogart’s wife, the actress Lauren Bacall, and a few of their Hollywood friends.
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  • Which African countries were never colonized?

    Q: Which African countries were never colonized?

    A: Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two African countries that were not colonized. Liberia was founded by freed slaves and Ethiopia resisted Italian attempts at colonization.
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  • What is the quote from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech that says "in the end?"

    Q: What is the quote from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech that says "in the end?"

    A: In his 1967 "Steeler Lecture," Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said, "In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends." The "Steeler Lecture" was one of five sermons published in a book called "Conscience for Change," republished as "The Trumpet of Conscience" after King's death.
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  • What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    Q: What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    A: Transportation in the early 1800s was primarily by horse and sail, but the development and refinement of the steam engine spurred the development of rail and river transportation. Horses and horse-drawn conveyances remained the primary method of transportation through most of the century, at least for local travel. Toward the end of the 1800s, the automobile came into existence, although most 19th-century designs saw very limited adoption.
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  • Who is the current king of Nigeria?

    Q: Who is the current king of Nigeria?

    A: Nigeria does not have a single king, as it has a federal system of government. All kings were stripped of their power in 1963. As of 2014, the president of Nigeria is Goodluck Jonathan, whom has held office since 2011.
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  • What are ten facts about apartheid?

    Q: What are ten facts about apartheid?

    A: Apartheid is a form of racial segregation that has its roots in South Africa. Under this system of segregation, South Africans were divided into groups of whites and nonwhites. Apartheid was introduced in 1948 under the governance of the National Party, which was a system of government run by all-white officials.
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  • Why did the United States become involved in the Vietnam War?

    Q: Why did the United States become involved in the Vietnam War?

    A: The United States got involved in the Vietnam conflict to keep communism from spreading throughout Southeast Asia. At first the United States only aided France with military aid and advisors, but after the French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu in the north-western hills, the French pulled out and the United States took over the burden of the war.
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  • Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    Q: Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    A: The Bosnian War took place when Bosnia and Herzegovina attempted to declare independence in the wake of the dissolution of Yugoslavia and when Serbia attempted to prevent this breakaway. Aided by forces from Serbia, Bosnian Serbs took up arms against the Bosniaks and Croats in the country, triggering a violent and destructive war that lasted for more than three years.
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  • When did South Africa become independent?

    Q: When did South Africa become independent?

    A: South Africa became independent from Great Britain on December 11, 1931, but the British monarch remained head of state. On May 31, 1961, the country became a republic, severing all formal ties with Great Britain.
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  • Who was one of the very first psychologists to write about sleep, memory, senses, dreams and learning?

    Q: Who was one of the very first psychologists to write about sleep, memory, senses, dreams and learning?

    A: Sigmund Freud, the creator of psychoanalysis, was one of the first doctors to research and write about the unconscious mind and repressed memories. Freud believed that psychological problems could manifest as physical symptoms.
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