Modern History

A:

The United Nations was officially formed in October 1945 to promote cooperation among different countries. It had its roots in the former League of Nations, which was formed after World War I but disbanded after failing to prevent the second World War.

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  • What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    Q: What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    A: Nelson Mandela fought to end apartheid, which divided people in South Africans based on race. After his release from prison, he sought reconciliation. He is credited with helping South Africa move past its unjust history.
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  • Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    Q: Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    A: The Bosnian War took place when Bosnia and Herzegovina attempted to declare independence in the wake of the dissolution of Yugoslavia and when Serbia attempted to prevent this breakaway. Aided by forces from Serbia, Bosnian Serbs took up arms against the Bosniaks and Croats in the country, triggering a violent and destructive war that lasted for more than three years.
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  • Who is the current king of Nigeria?

    Q: Who is the current king of Nigeria?

    A: Nigeria does not have a single king, as it has a federal system of government. All kings were stripped of their power in 1963. As of 2014, the president of Nigeria is Goodluck Jonathan, whom has held office since 2011.
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  • Why is George Washington a hero?

    Q: Why is George Washington a hero?

    A: George Washington became a hero due to his role as commander in chief of the Continental Army. Congress assigned him this position in 1775, and his leadership helped the army defeat the British in the American Revolution.
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  • When did South Africa gain independence from Britain?

    Q: When did South Africa gain independence from Britain?

    A: South Africa gained its independence from Great Britain in 1934, though the African National Congress, which was formed 22 years prior to South Africa gaining its independence, did not gain power until 1994.
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  • When did the first color TV come out?

    Q: When did the first color TV come out?

    A: The first color TV went on sale in the summer of 1950. The first color broadcast for this television, however, was not until June of 1951.
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  • What was the cause of the Cambodian genocide?

    Q: What was the cause of the Cambodian genocide?

    A: The Cambodian genocide was caused by Khmer Rouge party leader Pol Pot's attempt to eliminate anyone potentially opposed to his proposed system of labor in a federation of collective farms, according to World Without Genocide. Pol Pot's project was inspired by Maoist-Communist ideals.
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  • What was the outcome of the Vietnam War?

    Q: What was the outcome of the Vietnam War?

    A: The Vietnam War had significant cultural, social and political impacts. Millions of life were lost, and thousands went missing during the 20-year conflict. Vietnam also became a communist nation as the result of the war.
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  • What were some of the primary crops grown in the New England colonies in America?

    Q: What were some of the primary crops grown in the New England colonies in America?

    A: Corn formed a majority of the colonial diet. Other native crops included pumpkins, squash and beans. European wheat, barley, oats and peas were also grown. In addition to the large-field crops, family gardens in the colonies contained herbs and vegetables, such as lettuce, parsley, carrots, spinach and turnips. In northern colonies farming produced less than in the southern New England colonies because of a shorter growing season and poor soil.
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  • How many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?

    Q: How many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?

    A: Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years, 18 of which were spent at the infamously cruel Robben Island Prison in South Africa, where he was held from 1964 - 1982. Mandela was released from imprisonment in 1990 despite having initially been handed a life sentence. At the time of his imprisonment, South Africa was ruled by the white supremacist system of apartheid, in which native black Africans were officially considered inferior in every way to colonial European citizens, also known as Afrikaners. Mandela was an anti-apartheid revolutionary who eventually became the first president of South Africa, and he was initially imprisoned on charges of incitement before being charged with conspiracy to overthrow the state in what is known as the Rivonia Trial.
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  • What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    Q: What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    A: Transportation in the early 1800s was primarily by horse and sail, but the development and refinement of the steam engine spurred the development of rail and river transportation. Horses and horse-drawn conveyances remained the primary method of transportation through most of the century, at least for local travel. Toward the end of the 1800s, the automobile came into existence, although most 19th-century designs saw very limited adoption.
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  • What was the cause of the Nigerian civil war?

    Q: What was the cause of the Nigerian civil war?

    A: The attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria was the cause of the Nigerian Civil War. Another name for this conflict is the Biafran War because those provinces named themselves the Republic of Biafra.
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  • Who was one of the very first psychologists to write about sleep, memory, senses, dreams and learning?

    Q: Who was one of the very first psychologists to write about sleep, memory, senses, dreams and learning?

    A: Sigmund Freud, the creator of psychoanalysis, was one of the first doctors to research and write about the unconscious mind and repressed memories. Freud believed that psychological problems could manifest as physical symptoms.
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  • Did Einstein help invent the atomic bomb?

    Q: Did Einstein help invent the atomic bomb?

    A: While Einstein's theories and efforts contributed indirectly, he was not directly involved in building the world's first nuclear bomb. His theory, E=mc2, helps illustrate the energy released in an atomic reaction, but he was not responsible for instructing the United States on how to build a bomb. He did, however, warn President Roosevelt that Nazi Germany was attempting to build an atomic weapon, which influenced the United States' efforts to make their own.
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  • Who was the husband of Queen Elizabeth?

    Q: Who was the husband of Queen Elizabeth?

    A: Prince Phillip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. Prince Phillip was born on the island of Corfu in Greece. The two met in 1934 at the wedding of a Greek princess.
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  • Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    Q: Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    A: Many people know the Rat Pack as Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis, Jr., Dean Martin, Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop. However, the origins of the Rat Pack go back to actor Humphrey Bogart, and Bogart’s wife, the actress Lauren Bacall, and a few of their Hollywood friends.
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  • What is the quote from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech that says "in the end?"

    Q: What is the quote from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech that says "in the end?"

    A: In his 1967 "Steeler Lecture," Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said, "In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends." The "Steeler Lecture" was one of five sermons published in a book called "Conscience for Change," republished as "The Trumpet of Conscience" after King's death.
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  • Who was the first plastic surgeon?

    Q: Who was the first plastic surgeon?

    A: The father of modern plastic surgery is Dr. Harold Gillies, but his career started far from the glitz and glamour of Hollywood. He pioneered his techniques in 1917 while serving in the First World War. Tasked with repairing soldiers' wartime injuries, Dr. Gillies's operations helped to counteract the gruesome injuries of shrapnel and trench warfare.
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  • What was the IQ of Albert Einstein?

    Q: What was the IQ of Albert Einstein?

    A: Albert Einstein had an IQ of 160. This is the same IQ level as Stephen Hawking. Einstein was born in Germany on March 14, 1879.
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  • Why did the United States become involved in the Vietnam War?

    Q: Why did the United States become involved in the Vietnam War?

    A: The United States got involved in the Vietnam conflict to keep communism from spreading throughout Southeast Asia. At first the United States only aided France with military aid and advisors, but after the French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu in the north-western hills, the French pulled out and the United States took over the burden of the war.
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  • How did Captain James Cook die?

    Q: How did Captain James Cook die?

    A: Royal Navy Captain James Cook died on February 14, 1779, after he was stabbed in a scuffle with Hawaiian islanders when he attempted to take the local leader hostage. His death occurred during his third exploratory voyage on the HMS Endeavour.
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