Modern History

A:

As of May 2014, 43 men have become president of the United States. Barack Obama is regarded as the 44th president, however, because Grover Cleveland served two nonsuccessive terms.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    Q: What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    A: Nelson Mandela fought to end apartheid, which divided people in South Africans based on race. After his release from prison, he sought reconciliation. He is credited with helping South Africa move past its unjust history.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    Q: Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    A: Many people know the Rat Pack as Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis, Jr., Dean Martin, Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop. However, the origins of the Rat Pack go back to actor Humphrey Bogart, and Bogart’s wife, the actress Lauren Bacall, and a few of their Hollywood friends.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    Q: Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    A: The Bosnian War took place when Bosnia and Herzegovina attempted to declare independence in the wake of the dissolution of Yugoslavia and when Serbia attempted to prevent this breakaway. Aided by forces from Serbia, Bosnian Serbs took up arms against the Bosniaks and Croats in the country, triggering a violent and destructive war that lasted for more than three years.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Which African countries were never colonized?

    Q: Which African countries were never colonized?

    A: Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two African countries that were not colonized. Liberia was founded by freed slaves and Ethiopia resisted Italian attempts at colonization.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why did apartheid happen in South Africa?

    Q: Why did apartheid happen in South Africa?

    A: Apartheid was created as a means of cementing economic and social control over South Africa and its resources. The country was colonized by the English and the Dutch in the 17th century. Yet, when gold was discovered in the 1900s, the British seized control, and war broke out. Eventually, peace negotiations were reached and the two shared power over South Africa until the Reunited National Party won the 1948 election.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was the city of Timbuktu best known for?

    Q: What was the city of Timbuktu best known for?

    A: The city of Timbuktu is best known for its trade in gold, salt and superior schools. Some people even called it the “Golden City” for this reason. Between the 13th and 17th centuries, Timbuktu was the center of learning in the Islamic world. This occurred due to the financial boom in growth in the city during the 13th and 14th centuries.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What war lasted 335 years and had no deaths?

    Q: What war lasted 335 years and had no deaths?

    A: The appropriately named 335 Year War was a conflict between the the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly that did not cause any deaths. The two nations declared war on each other in 1651 and, quite simply, forgot to declare peace until 1986.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • When was Napoleon attacked by a horde of rabbits?

    Q: When was Napoleon attacked by a horde of rabbits?

    A: In 1807, Napoleon was coming off of a high note. He had just signed the Treaty of Tilsit, which ended his war with Russia. To celebrate, he gathered his dignitaries for a rabbit hunt. Little did he know that, in a bizarre twist, he would become "hunted" instead.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was the cause of the Nigerian civil war?

    Q: What was the cause of the Nigerian civil war?

    A: The attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria was the cause of the Nigerian Civil War. Another name for this conflict is the Biafran War because those provinces named themselves the Republic of Biafra.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who was Nelson Mandela, and what did he do?

    Q: Who was Nelson Mandela, and what did he do?

    A: Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) was a president of South Africa and a Nobel Peace Prize recipient. In South Africa, he is often called "Madiba," which was the name of the clan he was born into.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How many times have astronauts been to the moon?

    Q: How many times have astronauts been to the moon?

    A: Astronauts have landed on the moon six times. In addition to the moon landings, NASA has sent astronauts on missions to flyby or orbit the moon three times.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why was Nelson Mandela in prison for 27 years?

    Q: Why was Nelson Mandela in prison for 27 years?

    A: Nelson Mandela was incarcerated for 27 years as a result of his efforts to bring racial harmony and equality to South Africa. He began his efforts as soon as he graduated from law school and founded the first black law firm in the country in 1952. As unrest spread in the 1950s and 1960s, Mandela found himself the target of law enforcement efforts, and after he secretly left South Africa to gain aid and training for the struggle, he was picked up and jailed until Feb. 11, 1990.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was popular in 1967?

    Q: What was popular in 1967?

    A: In 1967, rock music, peace and acceptance movements, comedic movies for younger audiences, new automobiles and a new style of miniskirt all became popular. Some of these trends remained popular for many years, while others were short trends that ended rather quickly.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How did Captain James Cook die?

    Q: How did Captain James Cook die?

    A: Royal Navy Captain James Cook died on February 14, 1779, after he was stabbed in a scuffle with Hawaiian islanders when he attempted to take the local leader hostage. His death occurred during his third exploratory voyage on the HMS Endeavour.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was the IQ of Albert Einstein?

    Q: What was the IQ of Albert Einstein?

    A: Albert Einstein had an IQ of 160. This is the same IQ level as Stephen Hawking. Einstein was born in Germany on March 14, 1879.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    Q: What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    A: Transportation in the early 1800s was primarily by horse and sail, but the development and refinement of the steam engine spurred the development of rail and river transportation. Horses and horse-drawn conveyances remained the primary method of transportation through most of the century, at least for local travel. Toward the end of the 1800s, the automobile came into existence, although most 19th-century designs saw very limited adoption.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Did Einstein help invent the atomic bomb?

    Q: Did Einstein help invent the atomic bomb?

    A: While Einstein's theories and efforts contributed indirectly, he was not directly involved in building the world's first nuclear bomb. His theory, E=mc2, helps illustrate the energy released in an atomic reaction, but he was not responsible for instructing the United States on how to build a bomb. He did, however, warn President Roosevelt that Nazi Germany was attempting to build an atomic weapon, which influenced the United States' efforts to make their own.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why did the United States become involved in the Vietnam War?

    Q: Why did the United States become involved in the Vietnam War?

    A: The United States got involved in the Vietnam conflict to keep communism from spreading throughout Southeast Asia. At first the United States only aided France with military aid and advisors, but after the French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu in the north-western hills, the French pulled out and the United States took over the burden of the war.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How did the Cold War influence the development and early goals of NASA?

    Q: How did the Cold War influence the development and early goals of NASA?

    A: The Cold War helped drive the space race from both sides seeking political and technological advantage over the other. Neither country wanted to be seen as coming in second place in scientific exploration, and both sides were keenly aware of the potential intelligence and strategic advantages space dominance could provide.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How long has the Internet been around?

    Q: How long has the Internet been around?

    A: Generally speaking, the DARPA research project known as ARPANET has been defined as the "beginning" of the Internet, as it was the first instance of resources shared over a wide area network. It first came to life in Sept. 1969, when the IMP server at UCLA came online.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How many people were on the Titanic when it sank?

    Q: How many people were on the Titanic when it sank?

    A: Official reports vary, but the consensus is that there were between 2,200 and 2,340 passengers and crew members on board the Titanic when it sank. Of that number, 885 were crew members.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: