Modern History

A:

The main causes of the Cold War were the political division of Europe after World War II and the fears of aggression on both sides. The origins of the Cold War go back to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the rise of communism as an economic contrast to capitalism in the West. Both zones of influence reflected the conflict of ideologies between capitalism and communism.

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  • Who was Nelson Mandela, and what did he do?

    Q: Who was Nelson Mandela, and what did he do?

    A: Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) was a president of South Africa and a Nobel Peace Prize recipient. In South Africa, he is often called "Madiba," which was the name of the clan he was born into.
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  • How did Captain James Cook die?

    Q: How did Captain James Cook die?

    A: Royal Navy Captain James Cook died on February 14, 1779, after he was stabbed in a scuffle with Hawaiian islanders when he attempted to take the local leader hostage. His death occurred during his third exploratory voyage on the HMS Endeavour.
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  • How many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?

    Q: How many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?

    A: Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years, 18 of which were spent at the infamously cruel Robben Island Prison in South Africa, where he was held from 1964 - 1982. Mandela was released from imprisonment in 1990 despite having initially been handed a life sentence. At the time of his imprisonment, South Africa was ruled by the white supremacist system of apartheid, in which native black Africans were officially considered inferior in every way to colonial European citizens, also known as Afrikaners. Mandela was an anti-apartheid revolutionary who eventually became the first president of South Africa, and he was initially imprisoned on charges of incitement before being charged with conspiracy to overthrow the state in what is known as the Rivonia Trial.
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  • When did the first color TV come out?

    Q: When did the first color TV come out?

    A: The first color TV went on sale in the summer of 1950. The first color broadcast for this television, however, was not until June of 1951.
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  • What was the outcome of the Vietnam War?

    Q: What was the outcome of the Vietnam War?

    A: The Vietnam War had significant cultural, social and political impacts. Millions of life were lost, and thousands went missing during the 20-year conflict. Vietnam also became a communist nation as the result of the war.
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  • What was the cause of the Nigerian civil war?

    Q: What was the cause of the Nigerian civil war?

    A: The attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria was the cause of the Nigerian Civil War. Another name for this conflict is the Biafran War because those provinces named themselves the Republic of Biafra.
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  • Why was Nelson Mandela in prison for 27 years?

    Q: Why was Nelson Mandela in prison for 27 years?

    A: Nelson Mandela was incarcerated for 27 years as a result of his efforts to bring racial harmony and equality to South Africa. He began his efforts as soon as he graduated from law school and founded the first black law firm in the country in 1952. As unrest spread in the 1950s and 1960s, Mandela found himself the target of law enforcement efforts, and after he secretly left South Africa to gain aid and training for the struggle, he was picked up and jailed until Feb. 11, 1990.
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  • What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    Q: What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    A: Nelson Mandela fought to end apartheid, which divided people in South Africans based on race. After his release from prison, he sought reconciliation. He is credited with helping South Africa move past its unjust history.
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  • What are ten facts about apartheid?

    Q: What are ten facts about apartheid?

    A: Apartheid is a form of racial segregation that has its roots in South Africa. Under this system of segregation, South Africans were divided into groups of whites and nonwhites. Apartheid was introduced in 1948 under the governance of the National Party, which was a system of government run by all-white officials.
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  • What was the IQ of Albert Einstein?

    Q: What was the IQ of Albert Einstein?

    A: Albert Einstein had an IQ of 160. This is the same IQ level as Stephen Hawking. Einstein was born in Germany on March 14, 1879.
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  • When did South Africa gain independence from Britain?

    Q: When did South Africa gain independence from Britain?

    A: South Africa gained its independence from Great Britain in 1934, though the African National Congress, which was formed 22 years prior to South Africa gaining its independence, did not gain power until 1994.
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  • What were some of the primary crops grown in the New England colonies in America?

    Q: What were some of the primary crops grown in the New England colonies in America?

    A: Corn formed a majority of the colonial diet. Other native crops included pumpkins, squash and beans. European wheat, barley, oats and peas were also grown. In addition to the large-field crops, family gardens in the colonies contained herbs and vegetables, such as lettuce, parsley, carrots, spinach and turnips. In northern colonies farming produced less than in the southern New England colonies because of a shorter growing season and poor soil.
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  • Who was the husband of Queen Elizabeth?

    Q: Who was the husband of Queen Elizabeth?

    A: Prince Phillip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. Prince Phillip was born on the island of Corfu in Greece. The two met in 1934 at the wedding of a Greek princess.
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  • What was in the exercise room on the Titanic?

    Q: What was in the exercise room on the Titanic?

    A: The RMS Titanic had some of the finest amenities available for its first-class passengers, one of which was a top-of-the-line gymnasium. According to the National Museums Northern Ireland, the first-class exercise room contained “an electric camel, an electric horse, cycling machines and a rowing machine.”
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  • What was the cause of the Cambodian genocide?

    Q: What was the cause of the Cambodian genocide?

    A: The Cambodian genocide was caused by Khmer Rouge party leader Pol Pot's attempt to eliminate anyone potentially opposed to his proposed system of labor in a federation of collective farms, according to World Without Genocide. Pol Pot's project was inspired by Maoist-Communist ideals.
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  • How do historians study the past?

    Q: How do historians study the past?

    A: Historians study the past by gathering dates from archives, books, artifacts and documents, according to the United States Department of Labor. They use this data to analyze and develop an interpretation of history.
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  • Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    Q: Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    A: Many people know the Rat Pack as Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis, Jr., Dean Martin, Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop. However, the origins of the Rat Pack go back to actor Humphrey Bogart, and Bogart’s wife, the actress Lauren Bacall, and a few of their Hollywood friends.
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  • What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    Q: What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    A: Transportation in the early 1800s was primarily by horse and sail, but the development and refinement of the steam engine spurred the development of rail and river transportation. Horses and horse-drawn conveyances remained the primary method of transportation through most of the century, at least for local travel. Toward the end of the 1800s, the automobile came into existence, although most 19th-century designs saw very limited adoption.
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  • Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    Q: Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    A: The Bosnian War took place when Bosnia and Herzegovina attempted to declare independence in the wake of the dissolution of Yugoslavia and when Serbia attempted to prevent this breakaway. Aided by forces from Serbia, Bosnian Serbs took up arms against the Bosniaks and Croats in the country, triggering a violent and destructive war that lasted for more than three years.
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  • What war lasted 335 years and had no deaths?

    Q: What war lasted 335 years and had no deaths?

    A: The appropriately named 335 Year War was a conflict between the the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly that did not cause any deaths. The two nations declared war on each other in 1651 and, quite simply, forgot to declare peace until 1986.
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  • Why is George Washington a hero?

    Q: Why is George Washington a hero?

    A: George Washington became a hero due to his role as commander in chief of the Continental Army. Congress assigned him this position in 1775, and his leadership helped the army defeat the British in the American Revolution.
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