Modern History

A:

The traditional date marking the fall of the Berlin Wall is Nov. 9, 1989. On this day, the government of East Germany allowed people to cross freely into West Berlin. The government removed some portions of the wall to create more crossings.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What is the quote from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech that says "in the end?"

    Q: What is the quote from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech that says "in the end?"

    A: In his 1967 "Steeler Lecture," Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said, "In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends." The "Steeler Lecture" was one of five sermons published in a book called "Conscience for Change," republished as "The Trumpet of Conscience" after King's death.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who was the first plastic surgeon?

    Q: Who was the first plastic surgeon?

    A: The father of modern plastic surgery is Dr. Harold Gillies, but his career started far from the glitz and glamour of Hollywood. He pioneered his techniques in 1917 while serving in the First World War. Tasked with repairing soldiers' wartime injuries, Dr. Gillies's operations helped to counteract the gruesome injuries of shrapnel and trench warfare.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was the IQ of Albert Einstein?

    Q: What was the IQ of Albert Einstein?

    A: Albert Einstein had an IQ of 160. This is the same IQ level as Stephen Hawking. Einstein was born in Germany on March 14, 1879.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    Q: What did Nelson Mandela fight for?

    A: Nelson Mandela fought to end apartheid, which divided people in South Africans based on race. After his release from prison, he sought reconciliation. He is credited with helping South Africa move past its unjust history.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How long has the Internet been around?

    Q: How long has the Internet been around?

    A: Generally speaking, the DARPA research project known as ARPANET has been defined as the "beginning" of the Internet, as it was the first instance of resources shared over a wide area network. It first came to life in Sept. 1969, when the IMP server at UCLA came online.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What was the cause of the Nigerian civil war?

    Q: What was the cause of the Nigerian civil war?

    A: The attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria was the cause of the Nigerian Civil War. Another name for this conflict is the Biafran War because those provinces named themselves the Republic of Biafra.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who was Nelson Mandela, and what did he do?

    Q: Who was Nelson Mandela, and what did he do?

    A: Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) was a president of South Africa and a Nobel Peace Prize recipient. In South Africa, he is often called "Madiba," which was the name of the clan he was born into.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    Q: Who were the original members of the Rat Pack?

    A: Many people know the Rat Pack as Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis, Jr., Dean Martin, Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop. However, the origins of the Rat Pack go back to actor Humphrey Bogart, and Bogart’s wife, the actress Lauren Bacall, and a few of their Hollywood friends.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?

    Q: How many years was Nelson Mandela imprisoned?

    A: Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years, 18 of which were spent at the infamously cruel Robben Island Prison in South Africa, where he was held from 1964 - 1982. Mandela was released from imprisonment in 1990 despite having initially been handed a life sentence. At the time of his imprisonment, South Africa was ruled by the white supremacist system of apartheid, in which native black Africans were officially considered inferior in every way to colonial European citizens, also known as Afrikaners. Mandela was an anti-apartheid revolutionary who eventually became the first president of South Africa, and he was initially imprisoned on charges of incitement before being charged with conspiracy to overthrow the state in what is known as the Rivonia Trial.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    Q: Why did the Bosnian War happen?

    A: The Bosnian War took place when Bosnia and Herzegovina attempted to declare independence in the wake of the dissolution of Yugoslavia and when Serbia attempted to prevent this breakaway. Aided by forces from Serbia, Bosnian Serbs took up arms against the Bosniaks and Croats in the country, triggering a violent and destructive war that lasted for more than three years.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why did the United States become involved in the Vietnam War?

    Q: Why did the United States become involved in the Vietnam War?

    A: The United States got involved in the Vietnam conflict to keep communism from spreading throughout Southeast Asia. At first the United States only aided France with military aid and advisors, but after the French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu in the north-western hills, the French pulled out and the United States took over the burden of the war.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How many people were on the Titanic when it sank?

    Q: How many people were on the Titanic when it sank?

    A: Official reports vary, but the consensus is that there were between 2,200 and 2,340 passengers and crew members on board the Titanic when it sank. Of that number, 885 were crew members.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How were the settlers in Plymouth County different than the Massachusetts Bay Colony settlers?

    Q: How were the settlers in Plymouth County different than the Massachusetts Bay Colony settlers?

    A: The Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay Colony were Calvinists and Puritan Separatists, while the Puritans at Massachusetts Bay Colony were determined to reform the Anglican Church from within. While both were Protestants and Puritans, they had different goals and beliefs.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why was Nelson Mandela in prison for 27 years?

    Q: Why was Nelson Mandela in prison for 27 years?

    A: Nelson Mandela was incarcerated for 27 years as a result of his efforts to bring racial harmony and equality to South Africa. He began his efforts as soon as he graduated from law school and founded the first black law firm in the country in 1952. As unrest spread in the 1950s and 1960s, Mandela found himself the target of law enforcement efforts, and after he secretly left South Africa to gain aid and training for the struggle, he was picked up and jailed until Feb. 11, 1990.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • When did South Africa become independent?

    Q: When did South Africa become independent?

    A: South Africa became independent from Great Britain on December 11, 1931, but the British monarch remained head of state. On May 31, 1961, the country became a republic, severing all formal ties with Great Britain.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How did the Cold War influence the development and early goals of NASA?

    Q: How did the Cold War influence the development and early goals of NASA?

    A: The Cold War helped drive the space race from both sides seeking political and technological advantage over the other. Neither country wanted to be seen as coming in second place in scientific exploration, and both sides were keenly aware of the potential intelligence and strategic advantages space dominance could provide.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Which African countries were never colonized?

    Q: Which African countries were never colonized?

    A: Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two African countries that were not colonized. Liberia was founded by freed slaves and Ethiopia resisted Italian attempts at colonization.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are ten facts about apartheid?

    Q: What are ten facts about apartheid?

    A: Apartheid is a form of racial segregation that has its roots in South Africa. Under this system of segregation, South Africans were divided into groups of whites and nonwhites. Apartheid was introduced in 1948 under the governance of the National Party, which was a system of government run by all-white officials.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How did Captain James Cook die?

    Q: How did Captain James Cook die?

    A: Royal Navy Captain James Cook died on February 14, 1779, after he was stabbed in a scuffle with Hawaiian islanders when he attempted to take the local leader hostage. His death occurred during his third exploratory voyage on the HMS Endeavour.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    Q: What were some types of transportation in the 1800s?

    A: Transportation in the early 1800s was primarily by horse and sail, but the development and refinement of the steam engine spurred the development of rail and river transportation. Horses and horse-drawn conveyances remained the primary method of transportation through most of the century, at least for local travel. Toward the end of the 1800s, the automobile came into existence, although most 19th-century designs saw very limited adoption.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What war lasted 335 years and had no deaths?

    Q: What war lasted 335 years and had no deaths?

    A: The appropriately named 335 Year War was a conflict between the the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly that did not cause any deaths. The two nations declared war on each other in 1651 and, quite simply, forgot to declare peace until 1986.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: