Modern Asia

A:

There are many symbols in the Hindu religion that represent its teachings and gods. Hand and body symbols are called "mudras." Icon symbols are called "murti."

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  • Who is the current prime minister of China?

    Q: Who is the current prime minister of China?

    A: As of 2014, the Chinese prime minister, known as Premier, is Li Keqiang. Born in 1955 in Anhui province, he was 57 years old when he was elected in 2013. He is the son of a local official.
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  • How did Confucianism impact China?

    Q: How did Confucianism impact China?

    A: Confucianism impacted China by teaching social values and transcendent concepts, and by establishing institutions such as churches, schools and state buildings. Confucianism, in the most basic sense, classifies as a religion. However, historians consider Confucianism a civil religion, as its teachings and concepts touch on all aspects of society and life, carried out through rules, laws and codes.
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  • Who is Li Peng?

    Q: Who is Li Peng?

    A: Li Peng is a retired politician. He served as the fourth premier of the People's Republic of China from 1988 to 1998. He was also chairman of the Standing Committee within the National People's Congress from 1998 to 2003.
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  • What is the eruption history of Mount Fuji?

    Q: What is the eruption history of Mount Fuji?

    A: The first recorded eruption of Mount Fuji occurred in the year 781, and it has erupted 16 times since then, with the last recorded eruption occurring in 1707. Mount Fuji is currently classified as dormant, but eruption is possible again at some point in the future. Currently, the volcano exhibits no signs of activity, so tourists and hikers routinely visit the peak.
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  • What do Chinese lanterns symbolize?

    Q: What do Chinese lanterns symbolize?

    A: There are many myths to explain the origin of the Chinese lanterns, but one that sticks out the most is that they represent Buddha's power to dispel darkness. The story goes that during the first century, Emperor Mingdi sent a scholar to India for Buddhist scriptures and, upon the scholar's return, the Emperor had a temple built to house the scriptures. He had lanterns displayed to keep the darkness away.
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  • Why did Shah Jahan build the Taj Mahal?

    Q: Why did Shah Jahan build the Taj Mahal?

    A: Mughal emperor Shah Jahan constructed the Taj Mahal from 1632 until 1654 as a monument and mausoleum for his wife, Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz Mahal. In 2005, former Indian Bharatiya Janata Party official Vinay Katiyar claimed the building was a Hindu temple to Shiva built by Raja Jai Singh, and that the mausoleum is called Tejo Mai Mahal. The party quickly distanced itself from Katiyar's controversial claim.
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  • What are Mao Zedong's accomplishments?

    Q: What are Mao Zedong's accomplishments?

    A: A controversial figure in Chinese history, Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic of China, transforming the nation into a socialist state and nationalizing industry and business under the government while implementing socialist reforms. His ideology, a combination of Marxist-Leninist thought and his political and military policies, is referred to under the collective umbrella of Maoism. He's praised for modernizing China and criticized for being a dictator who violated human rights.
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  • When did Hong Kong become independent?

    Q: When did Hong Kong become independent?

    A: The Encyclopædia Britannica states that Hong Kong is not an independent state but a special administrative region under Chinese control. The British returned Hong Kong to China on July 1, 1997.
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  • What is the meaning of the Hinduism symbol?

    Q: What is the meaning of the Hinduism symbol?

    A: There are many symbols in the Hindu religion that represent its teachings and gods. Hand and body symbols are called "mudras." Icon symbols are called "murti."
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  • What does the Japanese flag symbolize?

    Q: What does the Japanese flag symbolize?

    A: The Japanese flag symbolizes a rising sun. The official name of the flag is Nisshoki, which means "sun marked flag." The red circle on the flag is called Hinomaru or "circle of the sun." Scholars believe the flag has existed in some form since the 12th century, though it did not become the de facto flag until 1870 and was not legally adopted as the national flag until 1999, the same year Japan's national anthem became official. .
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  • What is the former name of Cambodia?

    Q: What is the former name of Cambodia?

    A: The former name of Cambodia was "Kampuchea," a name the Khmer people of Southeast Asia called their nation for centuries, according to Asia Travel. The English name for the country, Cambodia, is an adaptation of "Kampuja."
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  • When did Japan become a nation?

    Q: When did Japan become a nation?

    A: Japan's birth as a nation, depending on the definition of nation used, could be as dated 10,000 years ago, when a hunter-gatherer society called the Jamon developed. Its birth date also could be identified as 710 A.D., when the first strong central government developed in Nara.
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  • What is Mother Teresa's greatest achievement?

    Q: What is Mother Teresa's greatest achievement?

    A: Mother Teresa's greatest achievement was probably the founding of the Missionaries of Charity, an order of nuns dedicated to alleviating the suffering of the poor. Established in 1950 in Calcutta, India, it has grown from its initial 12 members to more than 4,000 worldwide as of 2014.
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  • How did Gandhi gain independence for India?

    Q: How did Gandhi gain independence for India?

    A: Mohandas Gandhi used nonviolent civil disobedience during a campaign in 1930 and 1931 to pave the way for Indian independence. His efforts started with the Salt March, which undermined British authority and gave Indians a sense of national solidarity.
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  • What were the after effects of the Korean War?

    Q: What were the after effects of the Korean War?

    A: The most noticeable after effects of the Korean War include rising tension during the Cold War, human casualties and the division of families due to the war. The Korean War was fought by North and South Korea from 1950-1953. Both sides had support from other countries.
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  • Q: Why do Indian women wear bangles?

    A: Indian women wear bangles as part of the bride's jewelry and also to enhance their beauty. Married women are not allowed to wear gold bangles alone, but add glass bangles to symbolize the well-being of a husband.
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  • Q: What were Gandhi's beliefs?

    A: Although he was a staunch Hindu, Mahatma Gandhi, friend to both Muslims and Christians, developed a community of followers based on the principles of nonviolence and mutual aid. This community would eventually revolve around the spiritual principle of satyagraha, which means "truth force."
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  • Q: What is the Manchurian Incident?

    A: The Manchurian Incident, commonly known as the Mukden Incident, was an explosion staged by rogue military officials in the attempt to justify the Japanese invasion of northeastern China, or Manchuria, in 1931. Fueled by economic and political interests, the incident involved placing a small amount of dynamite next to a Japanese-owned railway line near Mukden on Sept. 18, 1931.
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  • What caused the Amritsar Massacre?

    Q: What caused the Amritsar Massacre?

    A: The Amritsar Massacre was caused by thousands of people going to attend the Sikh Baisaki festival without realizing that there was a recent ban on public assemblies due to the British Brigadier General Reginald Dyer. There was a nationalist demonstration being held there and Dyer's troops immediately opened fire on the crowd without warning killing hundreds of people and wounding more than a thousand people.
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  • Q: Why did Mao Zedong start the Cultural Revolution?

    A: Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, started the Cultural Revolution, in 1966, as a means of purging Chinese society of any remnants of traditional, western or capitalist elements. Also known as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, this was a frontal assault and mass attack against what were considered the social and intellectual remains of "the four olds" represented by old customs, habits, manners and culture. The sanitizing force came in the form of millions of adolescent and zealously dedicated Red Guards who swept across China in search of persons, places and things in need of being purged from the new social and cultural order they were committed to creating.
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  • What is Indira Gandhi famous for?

    Q: What is Indira Gandhi famous for?

    A: Indira Gandhi is most famous for being a political leader and is known as the "Iron Lady of India." She was the first and only woman to hold the office of Prime Minister in India, which she held for most of the period from 1966 to 1984.
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