Modern Asia

A:

There are many symbols in the Hindu religion that represent its teachings and gods. Hand and body symbols are called "mudras." Icon symbols are called "murti."

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  • How did Confucianism impact China?

    Q: How did Confucianism impact China?

    A: Confucianism impacted China by teaching social values and transcendent concepts, and by establishing institutions such as churches, schools and state buildings. Confucianism, in the most basic sense, classifies as a religion. However, historians consider Confucianism a civil religion, as its teachings and concepts touch on all aspects of society and life, carried out through rules, laws and codes.
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  • What does the Japanese flag symbolize?

    Q: What does the Japanese flag symbolize?

    A: The Japanese flag symbolizes a rising sun. The official name of the flag is Nisshoki, which means "sun marked flag." The red circle on the flag is called Hinomaru or "circle of the sun." Scholars believe the flag has existed in some form since the 12th century, though it did not become the de facto flag until 1870 and was not legally adopted as the national flag until 1999, the same year Japan's national anthem became official. .
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  • What is the former name of Cambodia?

    Q: What is the former name of Cambodia?

    A: The former name of Cambodia was "Kampuchea," a name the Khmer people of Southeast Asia called their nation for centuries, according to Asia Travel. The English name for the country, Cambodia, is an adaptation of "Kampuja."
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  • What were the after effects of the Korean War?

    Q: What were the after effects of the Korean War?

    A: The most noticeable after effects of the Korean War include rising tension during the Cold War, human casualties and the division of families due to the war. The Korean War was fought by North and South Korea from 1950-1953. Both sides had support from other countries.
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  • What is Mother Teresa's greatest achievement?

    Q: What is Mother Teresa's greatest achievement?

    A: Mother Teresa's greatest achievement was probably the founding of the Missionaries of Charity, an order of nuns dedicated to alleviating the suffering of the poor. Established in 1950 in Calcutta, India, it has grown from its initial 12 members to more than 4,000 worldwide as of 2014.
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  • What do Chinese lanterns symbolize?

    Q: What do Chinese lanterns symbolize?

    A: There are many myths to explain the origin of the Chinese lanterns, but one that sticks out the most is that they represent Buddha's power to dispel darkness. The story goes that during the first century, Emperor Mingdi sent a scholar to India for Buddhist scriptures and, upon the scholar's return, the Emperor had a temple built to house the scriptures. He had lanterns displayed to keep the darkness away.
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  • Why did Shah Jahan build the Taj Mahal?

    Q: Why did Shah Jahan build the Taj Mahal?

    A: Mughal emperor Shah Jahan constructed the Taj Mahal from 1632 until 1654 as a monument and mausoleum for his wife, Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz Mahal. In 2005, former Indian Bharatiya Janata Party official Vinay Katiyar claimed the building was a Hindu temple to Shiva built by Raja Jai Singh, and that the mausoleum is called Tejo Mai Mahal. The party quickly distanced itself from Katiyar's controversial claim.
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  • How did Gandhi gain independence for India?

    Q: How did Gandhi gain independence for India?

    A: Mohandas Gandhi used nonviolent civil disobedience during a campaign in 1930 and 1931 to pave the way for Indian independence. His efforts started with the Salt March, which undermined British authority and gave Indians a sense of national solidarity.
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  • When did Japan become a nation?

    Q: When did Japan become a nation?

    A: Japan's birth as a nation, depending on the definition of nation used, could be as dated 10,000 years ago, when a hunter-gatherer society called the Jamon developed. Its birth date also could be identified as 710 A.D., when the first strong central government developed in Nara.
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  • Who is Li Peng?

    Q: Who is Li Peng?

    A: Li Peng is a retired politician. He served as the fourth premier of the People's Republic of China from 1988 to 1998. He was also chairman of the Standing Committee within the National People's Congress from 1998 to 2003.
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  • What is the meaning of the Hinduism symbol?

    Q: What is the meaning of the Hinduism symbol?

    A: There are many symbols in the Hindu religion that represent its teachings and gods. Hand and body symbols are called "mudras." Icon symbols are called "murti."
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  • When did Hong Kong become independent?

    Q: When did Hong Kong become independent?

    A: The Encyclopædia Britannica states that Hong Kong is not an independent state but a special administrative region under Chinese control. The British returned Hong Kong to China on July 1, 1997.
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  • What is the eruption history of Mount Fuji?

    Q: What is the eruption history of Mount Fuji?

    A: The first recorded eruption of Mount Fuji occurred in the year 781, and it has erupted 16 times since then, with the last recorded eruption occurring in 1707. Mount Fuji is currently classified as dormant, but eruption is possible again at some point in the future. Currently, the volcano exhibits no signs of activity, so tourists and hikers routinely visit the peak.
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  • Why is Korea called the Hermit Kingdom?

    Q: Why is Korea called the Hermit Kingdom?

    A: Strict isolationist policies in Korea have earned it the nickname of the Hermit Kingdom. Those policies were first implemented when the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (1392 A.D. - 1897 A.D.), also known as the Choson Dynasty, was invaded on numerous occasions during the 16th and 17th centuries.
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  • What are Mao Zedong's accomplishments?

    Q: What are Mao Zedong's accomplishments?

    A: A controversial figure in Chinese history, Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic of China, transforming the nation into a socialist state and nationalizing industry and business under the government while implementing socialist reforms. His ideology, a combination of Marxist-Leninist thought and his political and military policies, is referred to under the collective umbrella of Maoism. He's praised for modernizing China and criticized for being a dictator who violated human rights.
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  • Q: Why were the Igorot and Muslims the unconquered Filipinos during the Spanish era?

    A: The Igorot and the Muslims resisted assimilation into the Spanish culture, making them the unconquered Filipinos during the Spanish period. Self-determination, strong unity as singular communities and cultural differences with the rest of the Filipinos allowed them to remain relatively untouched by foreign contact.
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  • Q: How many times did Gandhi go to jail?

    A: Over the course of his lifetime, Mohandas "Mahatma" Gandhi was arrested four times. His first arrest was in 1922 in South Africa, and this was followed by subsequent arrests in 1930, 1933 and 1942 in India.
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  • Q: What happened at Tiananmen Square?

    A: In April and May of 1989, crowds of up to 100,000 protesters, mostly students but also workers and other people, assembled in Tiananmen Square to demonstrate for political reform. By early June, the government and protesters had reached an impasse, and on June 3-4, Chinese authorities sent troops to clear the square. Estimates of the number of protesters slaughtered by the army range from several hundred to several thousand.
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  • Q: What is the history of America's Open Door Policy with China since 1889?

    A: The Open Door policy of the United States with China began in 1899 under the guidance and oversight of then-Secretary of State John Hay. Hay initiated the Open Door Policy through a series of notes compiled between 1899 and 1900. These notes were essentially requests from the United States to foster good trade relations between the United States and China. They were also political acts of goodwill, as Hay and the United States government pledged to preserve and respect China’s administrative and governmental operations and to leave its territorial acquisitions undisturbed.
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  • Why was the Indian National Congress formed?

    Q: Why was the Indian National Congress formed?

    A: The Indian National Congress, or INC, was formed in 1885 to create an outlet for Indians to voice their concerns and express their views. The forerunner of the INC was the Indian Association, which was created in 1876 and the first Indian political organization of its kind. Both organizations were formed as a result of the growing tide of political awareness taking place in British-ruled India.
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  • Q: Why did Mao Zedong start the Cultural Revolution?

    A: Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, started the Cultural Revolution, in 1966, as a means of purging Chinese society of any remnants of traditional, western or capitalist elements. Also known as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, this was a frontal assault and mass attack against what were considered the social and intellectual remains of "the four olds" represented by old customs, habits, manners and culture. The sanitizing force came in the form of millions of adolescent and zealously dedicated Red Guards who swept across China in search of persons, places and things in need of being purged from the new social and cultural order they were committed to creating.
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