Modern Asia

A:

There are many symbols in the Hindu religion that represent its teachings and gods. Hand and body symbols are called "mudras." Icon symbols are called "murti."

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  • What is the eruption history of Mount Fuji?

    Q: What is the eruption history of Mount Fuji?

    A: The first recorded eruption of Mount Fuji occurred in the year 781, and it has erupted 16 times since then, with the last recorded eruption occurring in 1707. Mount Fuji is currently classified as dormant, but eruption is possible again at some point in the future. Currently, the volcano exhibits no signs of activity, so tourists and hikers routinely visit the peak.
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  • What does the Japanese flag symbolize?

    Q: What does the Japanese flag symbolize?

    A: The Japanese flag symbolizes a rising sun. The official name of the flag is Nisshoki, which means "sun marked flag." The red circle on the flag is called Hinomaru or "circle of the sun." Scholars believe the flag has existed in some form since the 12th century, though it did not become the de facto flag until 1870 and was not legally adopted as the national flag until 1999, the same year Japan's national anthem became official. .
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  • What is the former name of Cambodia?

    Q: What is the former name of Cambodia?

    A: The former name of Cambodia was "Kampuchea," a name the Khmer people of Southeast Asia called their nation for centuries, according to Asia Travel. The English name for the country, Cambodia, is an adaptation of "Kampuja."
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  • What is the meaning of the Hinduism symbol?

    Q: What is the meaning of the Hinduism symbol?

    A: There are many symbols in the Hindu religion that represent its teachings and gods. Hand and body symbols are called "mudras." Icon symbols are called "murti."
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  • When did Japan become a nation?

    Q: When did Japan become a nation?

    A: Japan's birth as a nation, depending on the definition of nation used, could be as dated 10,000 years ago, when a hunter-gatherer society called the Jamon developed. Its birth date also could be identified as 710 A.D., when the first strong central government developed in Nara.
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  • Why did Shah Jahan build the Taj Mahal?

    Q: Why did Shah Jahan build the Taj Mahal?

    A: Mughal emperor Shah Jahan constructed the Taj Mahal from 1632 until 1654 as a monument and mausoleum for his wife, Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz Mahal. In 2005, former Indian Bharatiya Janata Party official Vinay Katiyar claimed the building was a Hindu temple to Shiva built by Raja Jai Singh, and that the mausoleum is called Tejo Mai Mahal. The party quickly distanced itself from Katiyar's controversial claim.
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  • How did Confucianism impact China?

    Q: How did Confucianism impact China?

    A: Confucianism impacted China by teaching social values and transcendent concepts, and by establishing institutions such as churches, schools and state buildings. Confucianism, in the most basic sense, classifies as a religion. However, historians consider Confucianism a civil religion, as its teachings and concepts touch on all aspects of society and life, carried out through rules, laws and codes.
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  • What do Chinese lanterns symbolize?

    Q: What do Chinese lanterns symbolize?

    A: There are many myths to explain the origin of the Chinese lanterns, but one that sticks out the most is that they represent Buddha's power to dispel darkness. The story goes that during the first century, Emperor Mingdi sent a scholar to India for Buddhist scriptures and, upon the scholar's return, the Emperor had a temple built to house the scriptures. He had lanterns displayed to keep the darkness away.
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  • What are Mao Zedong's accomplishments?

    Q: What are Mao Zedong's accomplishments?

    A: A controversial figure in Chinese history, Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic of China, transforming the nation into a socialist state and nationalizing industry and business under the government while implementing socialist reforms. His ideology, a combination of Marxist-Leninist thought and his political and military policies, is referred to under the collective umbrella of Maoism. He's praised for modernizing China and criticized for being a dictator who violated human rights.
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  • How did Gandhi gain independence for India?

    Q: How did Gandhi gain independence for India?

    A: Mohandas Gandhi used nonviolent civil disobedience during a campaign in 1930 and 1931 to pave the way for Indian independence. His efforts started with the Salt March, which undermined British authority and gave Indians a sense of national solidarity.
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  • What were the after effects of the Korean War?

    Q: What were the after effects of the Korean War?

    A: The most noticeable after effects of the Korean War include rising tension during the Cold War, human casualties and the division of families due to the war. The Korean War was fought by North and South Korea from 1950-1953. Both sides had support from other countries.
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  • When did Hong Kong become independent?

    Q: When did Hong Kong become independent?

    A: The Encyclopædia Britannica states that Hong Kong is not an independent state but a special administrative region under Chinese control. The British returned Hong Kong to China on July 1, 1997.
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  • Who is the current prime minister of China?

    Q: Who is the current prime minister of China?

    A: As of 2014, the Chinese prime minister, known as Premier, is Li Keqiang. Born in 1955 in Anhui province, he was 57 years old when he was elected in 2013. He is the son of a local official.
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  • Who is Li Peng?

    Q: Who is Li Peng?

    A: Li Peng is a retired politician. He served as the fourth premier of the People's Republic of China from 1988 to 1998. He was also chairman of the Standing Committee within the National People's Congress from 1998 to 2003.
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  • What is Mother Teresa's greatest achievement?

    Q: What is Mother Teresa's greatest achievement?

    A: Mother Teresa's greatest achievement was probably the founding of the Missionaries of Charity, an order of nuns dedicated to alleviating the suffering of the poor. Established in 1950 in Calcutta, India, it has grown from its initial 12 members to more than 4,000 worldwide as of 2014.
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  • Why is Korea called the Hermit Kingdom?

    Q: Why is Korea called the Hermit Kingdom?

    A: Strict isolationist policies in Korea have earned it the nickname of the Hermit Kingdom. Those policies were first implemented when the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (1392 A.D. - 1897 A.D.), also known as the Choson Dynasty, was invaded on numerous occasions during the 16th and 17th centuries.
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  • Q: Who was the man in front of the tanks during the Tiananmen Square protests?

    A: While the image of one man standing resolutely in front of a line of tanks became the most enduring symbol of the Tiananmen Square protests, no one has been able to conclusively prove his identity. Reports shortly afterward identified him as Wang Weilin, but these reports were never substantiated.
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  • Q: What is the history of Okinawa Island?

    A: Human habitation of Okinawa Island dates to 32,000 years ago. By the 14th century, three centers of power had developed, later united as the Ryukyu Kingdom under one ruler in the 15th century. Around 1800, Japan took over Okinawa. The tragic Battle of Okinawa in World War II produced heavy destruction, and with Japan’s defeat, the U.S. military ruled from 1945 until 1972 when Okinawa reverted to Japan.
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  • Q: What was the Great Leap Forward?

    A: The Great Leap Forward refers to Chairman Mao's 1958 plan to modernize China's economy to rival that of the United States in 30 years. His key concerns for development were agriculture and industry.
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  • Q: What is the importance of Kashmir to India and Pakistan?

    A: Pakistan considers Kashmir to be one of the most important territories in the country and believes that the ceding of it to India in 1947 was not fair to them. India regards Kashmir as its legal property and an important territory to the country.
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  • Q: When was Vietnam split into North and South Vietnam?

    A: Vietnam was split in to North and South Vietnam in July 1954 as a result of the Geneva Agreements. The agreement split the country temporarily along the 17th parallel for a period of two years. Following the two years, the country was to hold elections and then reunite.
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