Middle Ages

A:

The medieval period encompasses the fifth to 14th or 15th centuries. Historians date this period from the collapse of the Roman Empire until the dawn of the Renaissance.

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  • What was the job of a medieval knight?

    Q: What was the job of a medieval knight?

    A: Medieval knights were the professional warrior class of Europe, responsible for defending their feudal lord's territory from rival lords and keeping the local serfdom in line with the lord's rule. Knights were frequently members of the noble class, with the title inherited through the father, but it was also a title granted as a reward for chivalrous deeds. In the late medieval period, noble and warrior classes became more static.
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  • What is a female emperor called?

    Q: What is a female emperor called?

    A: A female emperor is properly termed an empress or an empress regnant. Emperors and empresses reign over empires and are generally conceded to outrank kings. Reigning empresses rarely conquer their own territories but instead inherit from a husband or father.
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  • Who won the crusades?

    Q: Who won the crusades?

    A: The crusades were ultimately won in the East by the Muslims when the Bahri Mamluks conquered Acre in 1291. While crusades were mounted even after this point, political witch-hunts mounted against the Knights Templar by King Philip IV of France made further major crusades in the Levant impractical.
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  • What were the effects of the Crusades?

    Q: What were the effects of the Crusades?

    A: Two major effects of the Crusades were that the kings' authority increased and the Europeans learned about new things from the Muslims they encountered. During the Crusades, the kings increased taxes to fund the cause. Many peasants also left their land to fight, and when they died, the land went to the king. With large amounts of money and land coming in, the kings gained power.
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  • What countries did the Vikings invade?

    Q: What countries did the Vikings invade?

    A: During the Viking Age, between the seventh and 11th centuries, Norse traders, raiders and colonists established a presence in countries as far apart as modern-day Canada and Iran. The Vikings emerged mostly from coastal communities in Norway, Denmark and Sweden to explore, and eventually settle in, most European and Mediterranean countries. They established colonies in North America and maintained a presence in Greenland that lasted nearly 500 years.
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  • Where was the Trojan War fought?

    Q: Where was the Trojan War fought?

    A: According to Greek mythology, the Trojan War was fought between the Greeks and the Trojans in the city of Troy in Asia Minor. This is the region of modern-day Turkey. The war took place from 1194 to 1184 B.C., lasting nearly 10 years.
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  • Why did Henry VIII create the Church of England?

    Q: Why did Henry VIII create the Church of England?

    A: King Henry VIII created the Church of England in 1536 as a result of a dispute with the pope, who would not permit Henry to get a divorce from his wife and marry his long-time mistress. Henry's marital history started under a cloud of suspicion, as his marriage to Catherine of Aragon meant he was forming a union with his brother's widow. Whether his series of divorces was actually the result of his failure to produce a male heir or some other form of instability is a matter of some dispute, but the reason for forming the Anglican Church was to give Henry the right to act as the head of his own church and marry as he pleased.
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  • What years were the Middle Ages?

    Q: What years were the Middle Ages?

    A: The Middle Ages began in the year 476 A.D. and ended around 1300 with the beginning of the Renaissance. The Middle Ages, also called the Medieval Period, began just after the fall of Rome and it dominated the European continent through the early 14th century. The Middle Ages filled a time period between the ending of a great reign and the beginning of a new era characterized by revitalization and cultural growth.
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  • What king believed he was made of glass?

    Q: What king believed he was made of glass?

    A: King Charles VI of France was prone to bouts of insanity where, among other things, he didn’t recognize his family or thought he was made of glass. Modern doctors think he may have suffered from schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.
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  • Why did The Crusades take place?

    Q: Why did The Crusades take place?

    A: The Crusades were a series of holy wars fueled by two major causes: the Pope's desire to expand the Holy Roman Empire and the reclamation of the Holy Land. In the 11th century, Christians and Muslims were at odds over the ownership of Jerusalem, a holy site for both Christianity and Islam.
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  • When was the medieval time period?

    Q: When was the medieval time period?

    A: The medieval period encompasses the fifth to 14th or 15th centuries. Historians date this period from the collapse of the Roman Empire until the dawn of the Renaissance.
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  • Who invented the sword?

    Q: Who invented the sword?

    A: Ancient Egyptians invented the sword during the Bronze Age. Other cultures soon adopted swords, and they became popular. The sword evolved from the dagger and was made of arsenic copper or tin bronze. The sword symbolized liberty and faith and was said to be the emblem for military honor.
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  • Why did Marco Polo want to explore Asia?

    Q: Why did Marco Polo want to explore Asia?

    A: Marco Polo and his family traveled through Asia to bring a letter from the Pope, Christian scholars and oil from the lamp at the Holy Sepulchre to Kublai Khan. Kublai Khan was the Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. As merchants, they also conducted business along the way.
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  • What are facts about Mansa Musa?

    Q: What are facts about Mansa Musa?

    A: Mansa Musa assumed the position of ruler of Mali during the 14th century, and later embarked on a journey to Mecca, becoming the first African ruler to do so. Mansa Musa was born in 1280 A.D., and died in 1337. His life achievements included promoting the Muslim religion, and supporting unprecedented growth of the arts and education.
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  • What did the Vikings invent?

    Q: What did the Vikings invent?

    A: The Vikings invented the longboat during the Vikings Age from 800 to 1100 A.D. This type of ship helped them travel the oceans to reach France, England, Scotland, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Vinland and the Middle East. Thus, they became a dominant force in European medieval trade, politics and warfare.
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  • What was the role of a medieval king?

    Q: What was the role of a medieval king?

    A: The roles of a king during Medieval Europe included land ownership, warfare leadership and lawmaker. A king allowed knights, barons and lords to live on his land, as long as they provided armies of men to fight wars. When kings fought neighboring kingdoms, he led his men into battle. Kings were supreme rulers of their lands, and they meted out justice as they saw fit.
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  • Why is Galileo famous?

    Q: Why is Galileo famous?

    A: Galileo is famous for many things but is probably best known for discovering Jupiter's four moons. The moons around Jupiter are called "Gallilean moons."
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  • How did people try to avoid the Black Death?

    Q: How did people try to avoid the Black Death?

    A: A number of superstitious and pseudo-scientific beliefs arose around the causes of the spread of the bubonic plague, known to historians as the Black Death, and people ended up barricading themselves from society, flagellating one another with whips, and enacting several other stratagems to try to keep from contracting the disease.
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  • How tall was Genghis Khan?

    Q: How tall was Genghis Khan?

    A: There is no definitive account of Ghengis Khan's height. Descriptions simply describe him as tall. Tall is likely relevant, however. The average height of man during the time in which Ghengis Khan lived was just under 5 foot 7 inches, so anyone taller than this average could be considered tall.
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  • Why was Angkor Wat built?

    Q: Why was Angkor Wat built?

    A: Angkor Wat, located in what today is Cambodia, was built as a temple in honor of the Hindu god Vishnu, the supreme god of the Vaisenavites. The name "Angkor Wat" means "temple city."
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  • What did medieval knights do?

    Q: What did medieval knights do?

    A: Knights performed military services for lords within a kingdom. Clergymen during the Crusades established a moral code in which a knight must also protect churches, women, orphans and the weak.
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