Mesopotamia

A:

Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or pleated wrapped skirts.

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  • Which technological advances were credited to the Assyrians?

    Q: Which technological advances were credited to the Assyrians?

    A: The technological advances that were credited to the Assyrians include extended irrigation systems, improvements to bronze casting, better equipment for fetching water from wells, improvements in military technology and street restorations. Many of these innovations were brought about during the rule of Sennacherib.
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  • What kinds of sports did people play in ancient Mesopotamia?

    Q: What kinds of sports did people play in ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.
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  • What did Mesopotamians wear?

    Q: What did Mesopotamians wear?

    A: Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or pleated wrapped skirts.
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  • Who are the Gentiles?

    Q: Who are the Gentiles?

    A: The term "gentile" refers to someone who is not Jewish. Traditionally, this term only referred to Christians. Non-Christians from non-Western cultures were not typically labelled with this term. The Church of Latter-Day Saints, commonly known as the Mormon church, adopted this term to refer to non-Mormon people.
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  • Who was Nebuchadnezzar and what did he do?

    Q: Who was Nebuchadnezzar and what did he do?

    A: King Nebuchadnezzar II took the throne in 604 B.C., and he is credited with destroying the Jewish temple built by King Solomon. Legend states that he built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but scholars debate whether he directed the construction.
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  • Who is Hammurabi?

    Q: Who is Hammurabi?

    A: Hammurabi was an ancient king of Babylon who promulgated one of the first written code of laws in history. The sixth king in the Amorite Dynasty, Hammurabi reigned from around 1792 B.C. until his death in 1750 B.C.
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  • What are some of the ancient Mesopotamians' achievements?

    Q: What are some of the ancient Mesopotamians' achievements?

    A: One of the major inventions of the Sumerian Mesopotamians was the invention of writing. The oldest known wheel ever found by archaeologists is Mesopotamian, and they also made advancements in mathematics and astronomy.
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  • Q: Was the government effective in Mesopotamia?

    A: Mesopotamian governments were very effective at their intended purpose, as they organized and kept control of their populations more than most other governments in recorded history. They also created the first written laws.
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  • Q: What were the duties of the Sumerian rulers?

    A: The main responsibilities of Sumerian kings during the ancient Mesopotamian civilization include religious rituals, domestic affairs of state, military affairs, law creation, administrative leadership and execution of justice. Mesopotamian society considered the king as the representative of the gods on Earth with a divinely granted right to rule.
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  • Q: How did Mesopotamia become a center of trade?

    A: Mesopotamia became a center of trade early in human history because its farmers mastered irrigation early, providing more crops than they needed to support the population. This allowed Mesopotamia to trade the surplus with neighbors. Its position between Europe and Asia also made it a prime trading hub.
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  • Q: What kind of clothes did people wear in ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: People in ancient Mesopotamia (3,500 BC - 539 BC) wore clothes made with animal skins and wool, originally a skirt, and later a tunic with a shawl over it. Embroidery and fringes decorated the garments. Women of high status wore veils.
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  • Q: What was the economy of ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: The economy of ancient Mesopotamia mainly depended on agriculture and trade. Mesopotamia is regarded as the cradle of civilization because it saw the beginning of human settlement in an organized society.
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  • Q: Where can you read about ancient Mesopotamian geography?

    A: Online resources including Mesopotamia.co.uk, Eduplace.com and Wikipedia.org provide information to read about ancient Mesopotamian geography. These resources are free to use and are written in a way that is accessible and educational for both adults and children.
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  • Q: What were some of the public works of Mesopotamia?

    A: Some Mesopotamian public works included sewer drainage systems, public baths, private baths and wells. Other public works included city walls, royal palaces and stepped temples called ziggurats.
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  • Q: How were the social classes of Sumer organized?

    A: The social classes of ancient Sumer were organized into four main levels: the king and priests, the wealthy upper class, freemen and slaves. Class in Sumer was generally determined by a person's wealth and occupation.
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  • Q: How does the current map of Mesopotamia compare to its ancient form?

    A: A 21st-century map of what was Mesopotamia shows the area divided into separate countries, including Kuwait, Iraq, Arabia, Iran, Syria and Turkey. Iraq has the largest chunk of Mesopotamia and the most land fronting the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers, which flow into the Persian Gulf. Both rivers also go through Syria and Turkey. The earliest map of Mesopotamia, dated 3500 B.C., shows the area as just one political area with various settlements named.
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  • Q: What did the Mesopotamians farm?

    A: Ancient Mesopotamians raised livestock and farmed a number of crops, including onions, wheat, leeks, flax, lentils and barley. Thanks to their geographic location between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, as well as knowledge of irrigation, theirs was the first civilization to truly develop agriculture. They saved seeds following each harvest and replanted with the use of cattle-pulling plows.
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  • Q: Is there any surviving pictorial evidence of the Babylon King Nebuchadnezzar?

    A: There is no surviving pictorial evidence of the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II from the period of his lifetime. However, his likeness has appeared in a number of paintings and depictions since his death. William Blake's famous 1795 painting of the king depicts him as part man and part animal.
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  • What are some ancient Babylonian inventions?

    Q: What are some ancient Babylonian inventions?

    A: Ancient Babylon provided a wide variety of ancient inventions that are still used today, including glazed bricks and the seeder plow. Glazed bricks were used in ancient Babylon as a way to decorate temples and other buildings. Some of the bricks that have been excavated date back to the mid-1800s B.C.
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  • Q: What type of clothing did ancient Babylonians wear?

    A: Based on the scarce evidence that exist pertaining to ancient Babylonian culture, men and women wore skirts and shawls that resembled the style of ancient Sumerians. These trends continued after the the Babylonian empire fell and the Assyrian civilization developed, carrying over the shawls and fringed skirts.
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  • Q: Why did early civilizations develop in Mesopotamia?

    A: Several factors played a part in the development of early civilizations in Mesopotamia, but the most important factor was its location. Mesopotamia is situated between two very fertile rivers, which allowed agriculture to expand for the first time in human history.
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