Mesopotamia

A:

Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or pleated wrapped skirts.

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  • What are some of the ancient Mesopotamians' achievements?

    Q: What are some of the ancient Mesopotamians' achievements?

    A: One of the major inventions of the Sumerian Mesopotamians was the invention of writing. The oldest known wheel ever found by archaeologists is Mesopotamian, and they also made advancements in mathematics and astronomy.
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  • Who are the Gentiles?

    Q: Who are the Gentiles?

    A: The term "gentile" refers to someone who is not Jewish. Traditionally, this term only referred to Christians. Non-Christians from non-Western cultures were not typically labelled with this term. The Church of Latter-Day Saints, commonly known as the Mormon church, adopted this term to refer to non-Mormon people.
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  • Who was Nebuchadnezzar and what did he do?

    Q: Who was Nebuchadnezzar and what did he do?

    A: King Nebuchadnezzar II took the throne in 604 B.C., and he is credited with destroying the Jewish temple built by King Solomon. Legend states that he built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but scholars debate whether he directed the construction.
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  • What did Mesopotamians wear?

    Q: What did Mesopotamians wear?

    A: Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or pleated wrapped skirts.
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  • Which technological advances were credited to the Assyrians?

    Q: Which technological advances were credited to the Assyrians?

    A: The technological advances that were credited to the Assyrians include extended irrigation systems, improvements to bronze casting, better equipment for fetching water from wells, improvements in military technology and street restorations. Many of these innovations were brought about during the rule of Sennacherib.
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  • What kinds of sports did people play in ancient Mesopotamia?

    Q: What kinds of sports did people play in ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.
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  • Who is Hammurabi?

    Q: Who is Hammurabi?

    A: Hammurabi was an ancient king of Babylon who promulgated one of the first written code of laws in history. The sixth king in the Amorite Dynasty, Hammurabi reigned from around 1792 B.C. until his death in 1750 B.C.
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  • Q: Where can you read about ancient Mesopotamian geography?

    A: Online resources including Mesopotamia.co.uk, Eduplace.com and Wikipedia.org provide information to read about ancient Mesopotamian geography. These resources are free to use and are written in a way that is accessible and educational for both adults and children.
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  • Q: How did Darius improve the Persian government?

    A: Darius I improved the Persian government by dividing the Persian Empire into provinces and implementing numerous construction projects. Theses projects included the construction of a new capital at Persepolis and roads throughout the empire.
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  • Q: Who won the Battle of Marathon?

    A: The Athenian army won the Battle of Marathon, defeating a the larger army of Persian invaders. Fought in 490 B.C., this battle marked the end of the first Persian attempt to conquer Greece.
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  • What were the Sumerian social classes?

    Q: What were the Sumerian social classes?

    A: There were four Sumerian social classes: priests, the upper class, the lower class and slaves. In some cases, it was possible to identify who belonged to which class by the way they dressed.
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  • What was the population of Mesopotamia?

    Q: What was the population of Mesopotamia?

    A: Mesopotamia spanned over 5,000 years with the first recorded settlement made up of about 150 people. Using the city of Uruk in 4000 BCE as an estimate, Sumer's population would have been about 0.8 to 1.5 million out of the world population of 27 million.
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  • Q: What is ancient Sumerian pottery?

    A: Ancient Sumerian pottery is clay crockery that was created by the inhabitants of Mesopotamia between 5000 and 2000 B.C. Among the most commonly produced products were plates, jugs and other kitchenware. The Sumerians are thought to have been the first culture to use a potter's wheel.
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  • Q: Where can you find information on the type of government in Mesopotamia?

    A: Information on the type of government in Mesopotamia can be found on the website FactsandDetails.com. The form of government in Mesopotamia was monarchy. However, the king did not enjoy absolute power, as there was a council of nobles who made decisions regarding war and taxes.
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  • Q: What was the purpose for Hammurabi´s Code?

    A: Hammurabi´s Code was used as a means to unify all the groups of the ancient Babylonian empire. The code was discovered in the city of Susa in what is now Iran in 1907 written on a 7-foot tall column of black diorite by French archaeologists.
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  • Q: Why is Mesopotamia considered the cradle of mankind?

    A: Mesopotamia is considered the cradle of mankind because it is the first place that saw development of villages and rules to govern people. Mesopotamia was the land between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates.
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  • Q: What did the Mesopotamians farm?

    A: Ancient Mesopotamians raised livestock and farmed a number of crops, including onions, wheat, leeks, flax, lentils and barley. Thanks to their geographic location between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, as well as knowledge of irrigation, theirs was the first civilization to truly develop agriculture. They saved seeds following each harvest and replanted with the use of cattle-pulling plows.
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  • What was the culture of Mesopotamia?

    Q: What was the culture of Mesopotamia?

    A: Some of civilization's first cities were founded by the Sumerian people in Mesopotamia, which is located in the valley between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Mesopotamia, women were wives and mothers and took care of household duties. Men were trained from an early age for specialized jobs such as masons, musicians, builders or politicians. Big events such as weddings were celebrated with parties and festivals.
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  • Q: What are some interesting facts about ziggurats?

    A: Some interesting facts about ziggurats include that experts believe a ziggurat honored the main god of a city. Babylon was likely home to the largest ziggurat. Sumerians became the first to build ziggurats, but other civilizations later adopted the practice, including the Akkadians, Babylonians and Assyrians
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  • Q: Why did early civilizations develop in Mesopotamia?

    A: Several factors played a part in the development of early civilizations in Mesopotamia, but the most important factor was its location. Mesopotamia is situated between two very fertile rivers, which allowed agriculture to expand for the first time in human history.
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  • Q: What were some of the roles played by men in Mesopotamia?

    A: Society in ancient Mesopotamia was primarily male-dominated. As one of the world's first urban centers, however, the role played by men changed from one in which they would no longer be focused strictly on tribe and family, but would instead view themselves as holding a place in a much larger and organized community. The social status of a man in Mesopotamian society was determined by his profession, with those who were trained to be scribes considered among the elites.
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