Mesopotamia

A:

Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.

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  • What Are Some of the Ancient Mesopotamians' Achievements?

    Q: What Are Some of the Ancient Mesopotamians' Achievements?

    A: One of the major inventions of the Sumerian Mesopotamians was the invention of writing. The oldest known wheel ever found by archaeologists is Mesopotamian, and they also made advancements in mathematics and astronomy.
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  • Which Technological Advances Were Credited to the Assyrians?

    Q: Which Technological Advances Were Credited to the Assyrians?

    A: The technological advances that were credited to the Assyrians include extended irrigation systems, improvements to bronze casting, better equipment for fetching water from wells, improvements in military technology and street restorations. Many of these innovations were brought about during the rule of Sennacherib.
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  • Who Was Nebuchadnezzar and What Did He Do?

    Q: Who Was Nebuchadnezzar and What Did He Do?

    A: King Nebuchadnezzar II took the throne in 604 B.C., and he is credited with destroying the Jewish temple built by King Solomon. Legend states that he built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but scholars debate whether he directed the construction.
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  • What Did Mesopotamians Wear?

    Q: What Did Mesopotamians Wear?

    A: Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or pleated wrapped skirts.
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  • Who Is Hammurabi?

    Q: Who Is Hammurabi?

    A: Hammurabi was an ancient king of Babylon who promulgated one of the first written code of laws in history. The sixth king in the Amorite Dynasty, Hammurabi reigned from around 1792 B.C. until his death in 1750 B.C.
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  • What Kinds of Sports Did People Play in Ancient Mesopotamia?

    Q: What Kinds of Sports Did People Play in Ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.
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  • Why Is Mesopotamia Called the "cradle of Civilization"?

    Q: Why Is Mesopotamia Called the "cradle of Civilization"?

    A: Mesopotamia is called the cradle of civilization because the development of agriculture, including the domestication of animals, began there 8,000 years ago, before any other civilization. The advances in the region led to the development of cities, the wheel and written language by 3,000 B.C.
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  • Q: What Are Some Achievements of the Akkadian Empire?

    A: The Akkaidian Empire achieved many firsts in recorded human history, including the first postal system, good roadways between cities, the first empire and the first dynasty. Sargon was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire in 2350 B.C. and passed on leadership of the empire to his sons. The empire consolidated power and crushed revolts for 200 years before falling to outside invaders.
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  • What Was the Culture of Mesopotamia?

    Q: What Was the Culture of Mesopotamia?

    A: Some of civilization's first cities were founded by the Sumerian people in Mesopotamia, which is located in the valley between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Mesopotamia, women were wives and mothers and took care of household duties. Men were trained from an early age for specialized jobs such as masons, musicians, builders or politicians. Big events such as weddings were celebrated with parties and festivals.
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  • Q: What Are Some of the Advancements That the Babylonians Made in Mathematics?

    A: The Babylonians used a sexagesimal, or base 60, system for counting, in contrast to the base 10 system we use today. This system became the basis for the way we measure time, with 60 seconds in a minute and 60 minutes in an hour. Babylonian mathematicians understood algebraic concepts, including square roots, cube roots and logarithmic functions, and - unlike the Greeks, Romans and Egyptians - they had a symbol for zero.
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  • What Were the Sumerian Social Classes?

    Q: What Were the Sumerian Social Classes?

    A: There were four Sumerian social classes: priests, the upper class, the lower class and slaves. In some cases, it was possible to identify who belonged to which class by the way they dressed.
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  • Q: Why Did the Sumerian City-States Go to War With Each Other?

    A: The Ancient Sumerian city-states in the Mesopotamian region of the Middle East fought with each other for control of the irrigated land needed to grow their crops. Located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, the Mesopotamian region would have remained dry and unsuited for agriculture if not for the yearly replenishment of fertile land brought about by the flooding of these two rivers. Control of the water, one of the most valuable resources in the area, determined which city-state would be able to grow enough crops to feed its inhabitants.
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  • Q: Was the Government Effective in Mesopotamia?

    A: Mesopotamian governments were very effective at their intended purpose, as they organized and kept control of their populations more than most other governments in recorded history. They also created the first written laws.
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  • Q: What Was the Purpose for Hammurabi´s Code?

    A: Hammurabi´s Code was used as a means to unify all the groups of the ancient Babylonian empire. The code was discovered in the city of Susa in what is now Iran in 1907 written on a 7-foot tall column of black diorite by French archaeologists.
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  • What Form of Government Did the Mesopotamians Have?

    Q: What Form of Government Did the Mesopotamians Have?

    A: The laws and government of King Hammurabi are arguably the most well documented and important concerning ancient Mesopotamia, and consisted of a ruling king whose role was to protect the citizens while appeasing the gods. Day-to-day affairs were handled by civil servants and scribes and the entire system could be described in today's terms as a centralized state. Mesopotamia is in fact credited with inventing government, law and bureaucracy.
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  • Q: Who Won the Battle of Marathon?

    A: The Athenian army won the Battle of Marathon, defeating a the larger army of Persian invaders. Fought in 490 B.C., this battle marked the end of the first Persian attempt to conquer Greece.
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  • Q: How Does the Current Map of Mesopotamia Compare to Its Ancient Form?

    A: A 21st-century map of what was Mesopotamia shows the area divided into separate countries, including Kuwait, Iraq, Arabia, Iran, Syria and Turkey. Iraq has the largest chunk of Mesopotamia and the most land fronting the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers, which flow into the Persian Gulf. Both rivers also go through Syria and Turkey. The earliest map of Mesopotamia, dated 3500 B.C., shows the area as just one political area with various settlements named.
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  • Q: What Is the Mesopotamian Alphabet?

    A: There is no such thing as the Mesopotamian alphabet; instead, the Mesopotamians used around 400 to 1,000 symbols to write with. At first, they used symbols representing different trading goods. These symbols evolved over time, and more were added until the writing system, called cuneiform, became a complete writing system.
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  • Q: What Occupations Were There in Ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: The primary jobs in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia were based on the agrarian nature of the society. Most Mesopotamian citizens raised and tended crops or livestock. There were also other jobs available, such as weavers, artisans, healers, teachers, and priests or priestesses.
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  • Q: What Were Some Laws in the Code of Hammurabi?

    A: One law in the Code of Hammurabi states that a person who accuses another of a capital offense should be put to death if he cannot prove the accusation. Another law excuses a debtor from paying rent or paying back a loan in a year in which his grain harvest fails or is destroyed by drought or storm. One law states that a son who strikes his father should have his hands cut off.
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  • Q: What Were Mayan Houses Made Of?

    A: Prehistoric Mayan homes were constructed of organic materials such as a mixture of mud and straw known as adobe, and the roofs were thatched with palm fronds and constructed with wood. Some houses included walls constructed of stacked stone, called albarradas. The Mayans spread their walls with lime to whiten them. The floors were constructed of gravel covered with soil. However, some homes did have wooden baseboards.
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