Mesopotamia

A:

Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.

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  • What Kinds of Sports Did People Play in Ancient Mesopotamia?

    Q: What Kinds of Sports Did People Play in Ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.
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  • Which Technological Advances Were Credited to the Assyrians?

    Q: Which Technological Advances Were Credited to the Assyrians?

    A: The technological advances that were credited to the Assyrians include extended irrigation systems, improvements to bronze casting, better equipment for fetching water from wells, improvements in military technology and street restorations. Many of these innovations were brought about during the rule of Sennacherib.
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  • Who Is Hammurabi?

    Q: Who Is Hammurabi?

    A: Hammurabi was an ancient king of Babylon who promulgated one of the first written code of laws in history. The sixth king in the Amorite Dynasty, Hammurabi reigned from around 1792 B.C. until his death in 1750 B.C.
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  • What Are Some of the Ancient Mesopotamians' Achievements?

    Q: What Are Some of the Ancient Mesopotamians' Achievements?

    A: One of the major inventions of the Sumerian Mesopotamians was the invention of writing. The oldest known wheel ever found by archaeologists is Mesopotamian, and they also made advancements in mathematics and astronomy.
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  • What Did Mesopotamians Wear?

    Q: What Did Mesopotamians Wear?

    A: Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or pleated wrapped skirts.
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  • Who Was Nebuchadnezzar and What Did He Do?

    Q: Who Was Nebuchadnezzar and What Did He Do?

    A: King Nebuchadnezzar II took the throne in 604 B.C., and he is credited with destroying the Jewish temple built by King Solomon. Legend states that he built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but scholars debate whether he directed the construction.
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  • Who Are the Gentiles?

    Q: Who Are the Gentiles?

    A: The term "gentile" refers to someone who is not Jewish. Traditionally, this term only referred to Christians. Non-Christians from non-Western cultures were not typically labelled with this term. The Church of Latter-Day Saints, commonly known as the Mormon church, adopted this term to refer to non-Mormon people.
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  • Q: What Were Some Laws in the Code of Hammurabi?

    A: One law in the Code of Hammurabi states that a person who accuses another of a capital offense should be put to death if he cannot prove the accusation. Another law excuses a debtor from paying rent or paying back a loan in a year in which his grain harvest fails or is destroyed by drought or storm. One law states that a son who strikes his father should have his hands cut off.
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  • Why Is Mesopotamia Called the "cradle of Civilization"?

    Q: Why Is Mesopotamia Called the "cradle of Civilization"?

    A: Mesopotamia is called the cradle of civilization because the development of agriculture, including the domestication of animals, began there 8,000 years ago, before any other civilization. The advances in the region led to the development of cities, the wheel and written language by 3,000 B.C.
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  • What Was the Role of Kings in Ancient Mesopotamia?

    Q: What Was the Role of Kings in Ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: The king's role in ancient Mesopotamia was to keep order in a world of many threats and in the context of an extremely pessimistic worldview. With constant dangers of floods and drought, kings had to protect the people in the realm, gather all the resources they could muster and honor the local gods whom the populace believed had the power to protect or destroy them.
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  • Q: What Was the Mesopotamian Social Structure Like?

    A: Mesopotamia's social structure included a king and the nobility, priests and priestesses, the upper and lower classes and slaves. The social structure in Mesopotamia was hierarchical.
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  • Q: How Did Darius Improve the Persian Government?

    A: Darius I improved the Persian government by dividing the Persian Empire into provinces and implementing numerous construction projects. Theses projects included the construction of a new capital at Persepolis and roads throughout the empire.
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  • What Were the Sumerian Social Classes?

    Q: What Were the Sumerian Social Classes?

    A: There were four Sumerian social classes: priests, the upper class, the lower class and slaves. In some cases, it was possible to identify who belonged to which class by the way they dressed.
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  • Q: What Is a Cuneiform Chart?

    A: A cuneiform chart is a cross reference chart between the ancient writings and the current alphabet. The chart serves as a tool to translate the writings into contemporary language.
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  • Q: What Are Some Interesting Facts About Ziggurats?

    A: Some interesting facts about ziggurats include that experts believe a ziggurat honored the main god of a city. Babylon was likely home to the largest ziggurat. Sumerians became the first to build ziggurats, but other civilizations later adopted the practice, including the Akkadians, Babylonians and Assyrians
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  • Q: Why Were Priests Powerful in Mesopotamian Society?

    A: Priests held powerful positions in ancient Mesopotamian society because people thought the priests possessed a direct connection to the local gods. Religion played a significant role in Mesopotamian culture, government and the daily lives of all. More than 1,000 deities existed in the pantheon of the Mesopotamian gods, with each city overseen by its own local god.
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  • Q: What Are Some Key Facts About the Neo-Babylonian Empire?

    A: The Neo-Babylonian Empire occupied territory that spanned the area between Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, often referred to as Mesopotamia. Following a period of Assyrian rule, the dynasty of the Neo-Babylonian period came to power when a once-Assyrian soldier, Nabopolassar, became king in the year 626 B.C. Named the Neo-Babylonian Empire because it follows two previous periods of Babylonian rulership, the empire emerged in the 7th century B.C.
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  • Q: What Are the Contributions of Babylonians to Civilization?

    A: Some of the major contributions of the Babylonian Empire to civilization include building the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, considered as one of the ancient seven world wonders; fashioning jewelry; using contracts for commercial transactions; developing two significant literary pieces; and establishing the Code of Hammurabi, which became the foundation for many existing laws in modern times. Babylon, serving as the capital of the empire, was a powerful city-state in the ancient region of Mesopotamia.
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  • Q: How Would a Mesopotamian Pottery Maker Make Pottery?

    A: During the Ancient Mesopotamian period, the manufacture of pottery evolved from crude, handmade objects to commercial pieces produced by the thousands on the first potter's wheel.
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  • Q: What Was the Sumerian Religion?

    A: The Sumerian religion encompassed the beliefs, mythology and rites of the ancient civilization of Sumer in southern Mesopotamia. Practitioners of the religion worshipped a pantheon of gods and devised a creation story that they wrote on cuneiform tablets. The Sumerians might have been the first people to record their beliefs, which influenced later religions and cultures.
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  • Q: What Occupations Were There in Ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: The primary jobs in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia were based on the agrarian nature of the society. Most Mesopotamian citizens raised and tended crops or livestock. There were also other jobs available, such as weavers, artisans, healers, teachers, and priests or priestesses.
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