Mesopotamia

A:

Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or pleated wrapped skirts.

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  • What are some of the ancient Mesopotamians' achievements?

    Q: What are some of the ancient Mesopotamians' achievements?

    A: One of the major inventions of the Sumerian Mesopotamians was the invention of writing. The oldest known wheel ever found by archaeologists is Mesopotamian, and they also made advancements in mathematics and astronomy.
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  • Which technological advances were credited to the Assyrians?

    Q: Which technological advances were credited to the Assyrians?

    A: The technological advances that were credited to the Assyrians include extended irrigation systems, improvements to bronze casting, better equipment for fetching water from wells, improvements in military technology and street restorations. Many of these innovations were brought about during the rule of Sennacherib.
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  • Who was Nebuchadnezzar and what did he do?

    Q: Who was Nebuchadnezzar and what did he do?

    A: King Nebuchadnezzar II took the throne in 604 B.C., and he is credited with destroying the Jewish temple built by King Solomon. Legend states that he built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but scholars debate whether he directed the construction.
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  • Who is Hammurabi?

    Q: Who is Hammurabi?

    A: Hammurabi was an ancient king of Babylon who promulgated one of the first written code of laws in history. The sixth king in the Amorite Dynasty, Hammurabi reigned from around 1792 B.C. until his death in 1750 B.C.
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  • Who are the Gentiles?

    Q: Who are the Gentiles?

    A: The term "gentile" refers to someone who is not Jewish. Traditionally, this term only referred to Christians. Non-Christians from non-Western cultures were not typically labelled with this term. The Church of Latter-Day Saints, commonly known as the Mormon church, adopted this term to refer to non-Mormon people.
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  • What kinds of sports did people play in ancient Mesopotamia?

    Q: What kinds of sports did people play in ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.
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  • What did Mesopotamians wear?

    Q: What did Mesopotamians wear?

    A: Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or pleated wrapped skirts.
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  • Q: Who won the Battle of Marathon?

    A: The Athenian army won the Battle of Marathon, defeating a the larger army of Persian invaders. Fought in 490 B.C., this battle marked the end of the first Persian attempt to conquer Greece.
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  • Q: Was the government effective in Mesopotamia?

    A: Mesopotamian governments were very effective at their intended purpose, as they organized and kept control of their populations more than most other governments in recorded history. They also created the first written laws.
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  • Q: What are some key facts about the Neo-Babylonian Empire?

    A: The Neo-Babylonian Empire occupied territory that spanned the area between Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, often referred to as Mesopotamia. Following a period of Assyrian rule, the dynasty of the Neo-Babylonian period came to power when a once-Assyrian soldier, Nabopolassar, became king in the year 626 B.C. Named the Neo-Babylonian Empire because it follows two previous periods of Babylonian rulership, the empire emerged in the 7th century B.C.
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  • Q: What was a city-state in Mesopotamia?

    A: The city-states of ancient Mesopotamia were independent cities constructed around temples and entirely self-contained within mighty perimeter walls. City-states were unified with each other only by their shared use of the Sumerian language. They spent most of their time engaged in conflict over resources.
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  • Q: What was the Mesopotamian social structure like?

    A: Mesopotamia's social structure included a king and the nobility, priests and priestesses, the upper and lower classes and slaves. The social structure in Mesopotamia was hierarchical.
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  • Q: What are some laws that ancient Mesopotamia had?

    A: In ancient Mesopotamia, any son who disowned his father could be sold into slavery by his father. When fathers disowned their sons, the sons had to abandon their homes immediately and leave their possessions behind.
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  • Q: What was Hammurabi's greatest accomplishment?

    A: The greatest accomplishment of Hammurabi was the Hammurabi Code of Laws. Hammurabi was the most celebrated among all Mesopotamian kings.
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  • Q: Why did early civilizations develop in Mesopotamia?

    A: Several factors played a part in the development of early civilizations in Mesopotamia, but the most important factor was its location. Mesopotamia is situated between two very fertile rivers, which allowed agriculture to expand for the first time in human history.
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  • Q: Why did the Sumerian city-states go to war with each other?

    A: The Ancient Sumerian city-states in the Mesopotamian region of the Middle East fought with each other for control of the irrigated land needed to grow their crops. Located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, the Mesopotamian region would have remained dry and unsuited for agriculture if not for the yearly replenishment of fertile land brought about by the flooding of these two rivers. Control of the water, one of the most valuable resources in the area, determined which city-state would be able to grow enough crops to feed its inhabitants.
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  • Q: What are some achievements of the Akkadian Empire?

    A: The Akkaidian Empire achieved many firsts in recorded human history, including the first postal system, good roadways between cities, the first empire and the first dynasty. Sargon was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire in 2350 B.C. and passed on leadership of the empire to his sons. The empire consolidated power and crushed revolts for 200 years before falling to outside invaders.
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  • Q: What were some of the public works of Mesopotamia?

    A: Some Mesopotamian public works included sewer drainage systems, public baths, private baths and wells. Other public works included city walls, royal palaces and stepped temples called ziggurats.
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  • What type of economy did Ancient Persia have?

    Q: What type of economy did Ancient Persia have?

    A: Ancient Persia was predominantly an agricultural economy. As their empire expanded, the Persians increased trade networks with the people they had subjugated.
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  • Q: What were Mayan houses made of?

    A: Prehistoric Mayan homes were constructed of organic materials such as a mixture of mud and straw known as adobe, and the roofs were thatched with palm fronds and constructed with wood. Some houses included walls constructed of stacked stone, called albarradas. The Mayans spread their walls with lime to whiten them. The floors were constructed of gravel covered with soil. However, some homes did have wooden baseboards.
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  • Q: What were some of the roles played by men in Mesopotamia?

    A: Society in ancient Mesopotamia was primarily male-dominated. As one of the world's first urban centers, however, the role played by men changed from one in which they would no longer be focused strictly on tribe and family, but would instead view themselves as holding a place in a much larger and organized community. The social status of a man in Mesopotamian society was determined by his profession, with those who were trained to be scribes considered among the elites.
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