Mesopotamia

A:

Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.

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  • Who is Hammurabi?

    Q: Who is Hammurabi?

    A: Hammurabi was an ancient king of Babylon who promulgated one of the first written code of laws in history. The sixth king in the Amorite Dynasty, Hammurabi reigned from around 1792 B.C. until his death in 1750 B.C.
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  • Who are the Gentiles?

    Q: Who are the Gentiles?

    A: The term "gentile" refers to someone who is not Jewish. Traditionally, this term only referred to Christians. Non-Christians from non-Western cultures were not typically labelled with this term. The Church of Latter-Day Saints, commonly known as the Mormon church, adopted this term to refer to non-Mormon people.
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  • Who was Nebuchadnezzar and what did he do?

    Q: Who was Nebuchadnezzar and what did he do?

    A: King Nebuchadnezzar II took the throne in 604 B.C., and he is credited with destroying the Jewish temple built by King Solomon. Legend states that he built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but scholars debate whether he directed the construction.
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  • What kinds of sports did people play in ancient Mesopotamia?

    Q: What kinds of sports did people play in ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.
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  • Which technological advances were credited to the Assyrians?

    Q: Which technological advances were credited to the Assyrians?

    A: The technological advances that were credited to the Assyrians include extended irrigation systems, improvements to bronze casting, better equipment for fetching water from wells, improvements in military technology and street restorations. Many of these innovations were brought about during the rule of Sennacherib.
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  • What are some of the ancient Mesopotamians' achievements?

    Q: What are some of the ancient Mesopotamians' achievements?

    A: One of the major inventions of the Sumerian Mesopotamians was the invention of writing. The oldest known wheel ever found by archaeologists is Mesopotamian, and they also made advancements in mathematics and astronomy.
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  • What did Mesopotamians wear?

    Q: What did Mesopotamians wear?

    A: Early Mesopotamians wore primarily wool and goat hair cloth that was either felted or woven into a coarse cloth, with linen cloth for finer garments. Women initially wore long wrapped shawls and later sewn dresses or robes, while men wore some variation of loincloths or pleated wrapped skirts.
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  • Q: What are some laws that ancient Mesopotamia had?

    A: In ancient Mesopotamia, any son who disowned his father could be sold into slavery by his father. When fathers disowned their sons, the sons had to abandon their homes immediately and leave their possessions behind.
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  • Q: How did Mesopotamia become a center of trade?

    A: Mesopotamia became a center of trade early in human history because its farmers mastered irrigation early, providing more crops than they needed to support the population. This allowed Mesopotamia to trade the surplus with neighbors. Its position between Europe and Asia also made it a prime trading hub.
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  • Q: When was the Bronze Age?

    A: The Bronze Age refers to various worldwide time periods during which bronze came into use for creating tools, weapons and ornaments and ended when iron became the newly discovered and preferred raw material. The Bronze Age followed the end of the Neolithic period in the third millennium B.C. and ended sometime during the first millennium B.C. when the Iron Age began. Somewhat more accurate approximations of the beginning and end of the Bronze Age will vary with each civilization depending on when bronze first began to be used and when iron later came into use.
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  • Q: Where can you read about ancient Mesopotamian geography?

    A: Online resources including Mesopotamia.co.uk, Eduplace.com and Wikipedia.org provide information to read about ancient Mesopotamian geography. These resources are free to use and are written in a way that is accessible and educational for both adults and children.
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  • Q: What did the Mesopotamians farm?

    A: Ancient Mesopotamians raised livestock and farmed a number of crops, including onions, wheat, leeks, flax, lentils and barley. Thanks to their geographic location between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, as well as knowledge of irrigation, theirs was the first civilization to truly develop agriculture. They saved seeds following each harvest and replanted with the use of cattle-pulling plows.
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  • Q: What continent is Mesopotamia located in?

    A: Bronze Age Mesopotamia was located in the southwest part of Asia in what is now Iraq, Kuwait, Iran and Syria. Mesopotamia means “between two rivers,” referring to its location between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.
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  • What were the Sumerian social classes?

    Q: What were the Sumerian social classes?

    A: There were four Sumerian social classes: priests, the upper class, the lower class and slaves. In some cases, it was possible to identify who belonged to which class by the way they dressed.
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  • Q: What are some achievements of the Akkadian Empire?

    A: The Akkaidian Empire achieved many firsts in recorded human history, including the first postal system, good roadways between cities, the first empire and the first dynasty. Sargon was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire in 2350 B.C. and passed on leadership of the empire to his sons. The empire consolidated power and crushed revolts for 200 years before falling to outside invaders.
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  • Q: What kind of clothes did people wear in ancient Mesopotamia?

    A: People in ancient Mesopotamia (3,500 BC - 539 BC) wore clothes made with animal skins and wool, originally a skirt, and later a tunic with a shawl over it. Embroidery and fringes decorated the garments. Women of high status wore veils.
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  • Q: What did ancient Mesopotamians use as weapons?

    A: The most common offensive weapon used by the Mesopotamians was the bow and arrow. Other frequently used weapons included spears, javelins, maces with stone heads, battle-axes with metal blades, daggers and swords with sickle-shaped blades used for slashing. Sling shots were also used.
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  • What type of economy did Ancient Persia have?

    Q: What type of economy did Ancient Persia have?

    A: Ancient Persia was predominantly an agricultural economy. As their empire expanded, the Persians increased trade networks with the people they had subjugated.
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  • Q: What is ancient Sumerian pottery?

    A: Ancient Sumerian pottery is clay crockery that was created by the inhabitants of Mesopotamia between 5000 and 2000 B.C. Among the most commonly produced products were plates, jugs and other kitchenware. The Sumerians are thought to have been the first culture to use a potter's wheel.
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  • What was the population of Mesopotamia?

    Q: What was the population of Mesopotamia?

    A: Mesopotamia spanned over 5,000 years with the first recorded settlement made up of about 150 people. Using the city of Uruk in 4000 BCE as an estimate, Sumer's population would have been about 0.8 to 1.5 million out of the world population of 27 million.
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  • Q: What are some Sumerian accomplishments?

    A: Some of the accomplishments made by the Sumerian civilization include creating the sexagesimal system, developing a set of laws and creating the cuneiform system of writing. Sumerians have also been credited with developing the potter's wheel, although there is evidence an earlier version may have been invented in Egypt.
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